5/15/13 Flashcards Preview

STEP II > 5/15/13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5/15/13 Deck (13):
1

What is the tx for rheumatic fever after the pharyngitis is over?

continuous antibiotic prophylaxis w/ IM benzathine penicillin G

2

What are 3 drugs that may be used in the treatment of neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

dantrolene, amantadine, and bromocriptine

3

Why is dantrolene used for neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

muscle relaxant

4

Why is amantadine used for neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

dopamine reuptake inhibitor (it is also an NMDA receptor anatagonist)

5

Why is bromocriptine used for neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

dopamine receptor agonist

6

What sort of drugs are useful in the treatment of extrapyramidal Sx induced by antipsychotic drugs?

anti-cholinergics (e.g. benztropine)

7

What is naloxone used for?

opioid overdose

8

Older men who have been exposed to chemicals such as vinyl chloride, arsenic, and thorium dioxide are at greater risk for what kind of hepatic malignancy?

hepatic angiosarcoma

9

What is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in pts following subarachnoid hemorrhage?

vasospasm w/ ischemia and infarction

10

What drugs are used to prevent vasospasm in pts following subarachnoid hemorrhage?

Ca++ channel blockers, e.g. nimodipine

11

A nail puncture wound in an adult resulting in osteomyelitis is most likely due to what organism? (Clue: not S. aureus.)

Psuedomonas aeruginsa

12

Whta kind of hepatitis is treated with prednisone?

severe alcoholic

13

What is the drug Lamuvidine used for?

HIV and chronic HBV