5/25/13 c Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5/25/13 c Deck (20):
1

What causes multiple annular, scaly patches on the scap with the hairs broken off just above?

Tinea capitis

2

What is the treatment of choice for tinea capitis?

griseofulvin

3

What disease is characterized by polyneuropathy, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, and orange-yellow tonsillar hyperplasia?

Tangier disease

4

What is deficient in tangier disease?

alphalipoprotein --> HDL

5

What is the danger of tangier disease?

early cardiovascular disease

6

What does MD BRAIN SOAP, the diagnostic criteria for SLE, stand for?

Malar rash
Discoid rash
Blood abnormalities
Renal
ANA+
Immunologic abnormalities
Neurological
Serositis
Oral/nasal ulcers
Arthritis
Photosensitivity

7

What is the best screening Ab fror SLE?

ANA

8

What 2 Abs are most specific for SLE?

anti-dsDNA and anti-Smith

9

Which of the 2 Abs most specific for SLE indicates disease severity by its serum levels?

anti-dsDNA

10

What type of lung cancer fills the alveolar spaces without destroying the surrounding parenchyma, and therefore resembles lobar pneumonia on X-ray?

bronchoalveolar carcinoma

11

Which type of lung cancer most commonly forms central cavitary lesions in the lungs and manifests w/ cough hemoptysis, and atelectasis caused by obstruction?

squamous cell carcinoma

12

What type of lung cancer produces PTHrP?

squamous cell ca.

13

What type of lung cancer produces ADH and ACTH?

small cell

14

In what part ovf the lung does adenocarcinoma typically arise?

periphery

15

What causes the cyanosis of Tetralogy of Fallot?

deoxygenated blood pumped into the systemic circulation

16

What physical defects of ToF allow deoxygenated blood to flow into the left heart?

VSD and pulmonic stenosis

17

What physical abnormality characterizes Ebstein's anomaly?

downwardly displaced tricuspid valve

18

What would the EKG of Ebstein's anomaly show?

Right atrial enlargement

19

What types of coronary vesel occlusion would necessitate immediate CABG?

>50% occlusion of left main; 3 vessel disease; left main equivalent: 70% stenosis of proximal LAD and left circumflex

20

Name 3 Abx that may be used to treat UTI (or asymptomatic bacteriuria) in pregnant women?

fosfomycin, nitrofurantoin, and cephalexin