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Flashcards in 5: Key Challenges to Syria Deck (15):
1

Challenge 1:

Russia and China supporting the Assad Regime

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Russia has:

2009 - Investments in Syria valued around $19.4 billion

3

China is fearful:

Of supporting any pro democracy movement

4

China and Russia veto:

2014 - UNSC attempt to refer Assad to the ICC for severe breaches of human rights

5

Director of Amnesty International:

"The vetoes by Russia and China are a callous political move that betrays suffering people in Syria"

6

Aljazeera:

"Some have even gone so far to suggest Assad's future is Putin's ace card in the game over Ukraine"

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Challenge 2:

The presence of militant extremists

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Argument (Militant Extremists):

The emergence of extremist groups has diluted the international communities response to the Syrian crises.

9

Jame Clapper (Director of National Intelligence):

Extremists are present in 13 of Syria's 14 provinces and are "starting to establish municipal services, provide humanitarian aid and sharia law courts"

10

Syrian National Reconciliation Minister Ali Haidar:

"Don't expect anything from Geneva II. Geneva X will not solve the Syrian crisis"

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Challenge 3:

The increasingly sectarian nature of the conflict

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Aljazeera:

"What began as a peaceful protest that was violently repressed, is now an armed conflict with sectarian dimensions"

13

Assad regime accused of:

May 2013 - Assad regime accused of 2 mass killings that resulted in 200 Sunni deaths

14

Gabriela Keller:

"A string of sectarian massacres has acclerated the segregation, driving Sunnis and Alawis apart"

15

Overall (Sectarian nature):

Sectarian conflicts are notoriously more difficult to resolve as the waring parties share long histories of violence and oppression that cannot be easily resolved by political solutions.