Flashcards in 5: Key Challenges to Syria Deck (15):
Russia and China supporting the Assad Regime
2009 - Investments in Syria valued around $19.4 billion
China is fearful:
Of supporting any pro democracy movement
China and Russia veto:
2014 - UNSC attempt to refer Assad to the ICC for severe breaches of human rights
Director of Amnesty International:
"The vetoes by Russia and China are a callous political move that betrays suffering people in Syria"
"Some have even gone so far to suggest Assad's future is Putin's ace card in the game over Ukraine"
The presence of militant extremists
Argument (Militant Extremists):
The emergence of extremist groups has diluted the international communities response to the Syrian crises.
Jame Clapper (Director of National Intelligence):
Extremists are present in 13 of Syria's 14 provinces and are "starting to establish municipal services, provide humanitarian aid and sharia law courts"
Syrian National Reconciliation Minister Ali Haidar:
"Don't expect anything from Geneva II. Geneva X will not solve the Syrian crisis"
The increasingly sectarian nature of the conflict
"What began as a peaceful protest that was violently repressed, is now an armed conflict with sectarian dimensions"
Assad regime accused of:
May 2013 - Assad regime accused of 2 mass killings that resulted in 200 Sunni deaths
"A string of sectarian massacres has acclerated the segregation, driving Sunnis and Alawis apart"