#5. Labour And Conservative Governments 1964-79 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #5. Labour And Conservative Governments 1964-79 Deck (45):
1

Why did labour win the 1964 election ?

Harold Wilson’s leadership of the party
How the electorate regarded the conservatives
The revival of the liberal party
Changes in British society

2

Why was Wilson seen as a good leader in the 64 election

Able to gloss over the divisions of Europe and nuclear weapons.
Promise to improve the welfare state

3

How did the electorate regard the conservatives in the 64 election

Linked to scandals such as the Profumo scandal
Associated with economic issues such as unemployment and inflation

4

How did revival of the liberal party effect the 64 election

Meant Tory’s lost seats to liberals meaning labour win

5

How had Britain changed in the 50s

Wanted a new classless Britain, young were more attracted to labour then conservatives

6

Why was the 64 election so close

Douglas was still a good leader
Conservatives brought unemployment down to 300,000
Conservative tax cuts
Labour Party distrust

7

What were the issues the 64 labour government had to face

Small majority of 4 seats
Colonial issues
Economic situation
Modernising Britain promise needed to be fulfilled

8

What were the main divisions within left and right in the Labour Party

Europe
Nuclear weapons
Decolonisation
US and British relations/ foreign policy

9

How many seat did Wilson have in 1964

4 seat majority

10

How much of a majority did 1966 election bring Wilson

96 seat majority

11

Which social reforms were considered controversial

1965 murder act- abolishment of death penalty (1969)
1967 family planning act- contraception available to anyone
1967 sexual offences act - legalise homosexuality
1967 abortion act - legalise abortion
1969 divorce- divorce becomes cheaper

12

Why were reforms opposed by traditionalists

Promotes sex outside of marriage

13

Why was the abolishing of the death penalty unpopular

It was popular amongst public for indictable crimes such as murder and rape

14

Why was the 1965 race relations act influential

First act in UK to address racial discrimination

15

How were the race relations act fail in some areas

Enforcement areas were weak meaning there was little convictions

16

What type of university was brought under Wilson’s government

Open universities

17

What were the three main foreign policy issues under Wilson’s 1964 government

The Vietnam war
Southern Rhodesia
The common market

18

Did Wilson satisfy the left of the party in regards to the Vietnam war

No they say that Johnson’s intervention in Vietnam should have been condemned

19

Why was southern Rhodesia an issue

Failed to get rid of white rule of southern Rhodesia

20

When was application to the EEC vetoed

1967

21

Did labours economic policies work

No unemployment was higher in 1970 then in 1964
Inflation didn’t slow
Britain still declined

22

Why was labour criticised for its spending

It spent more on defence then any other NATO country
Which could
Have been invested into improving British transport systems

23

What was labours plan to deal with the economy

Deflation - increase tax and cut government spending
National plan 1965- believe modernisation would help economy
Devaluation 1967- devaluing the pound

24

What was the policy called which failed to reform TUs

Of place in strife

25

Key policies of in place of strife

Employees could legally join a TU
Workers unfairly dismissed got their jobs back
Government could hold ballot if strike would damage national interest

26

Why did labour lose in 1970

Wilson’s over confidence
The disillusionment or labour voters
The failure of in place of strife

27

Why did membership of the Labour Party drop to 680,000 in 1970

Believed Party was too right wing
Foreign policy
Working classes made poorer
Abandoned traditional socialism

28

Why did the conservatives win the 1970 election

Policy proposals : Britain would
Join EEC, less state intervention in industry, reduce power of TUs
Heaths leadership- he attacked labours economic record

29

Heaths economic record was successful because

It had slowed unemployment to the level it was at in 1970 and managed to get Britain in the EEC 1973

30

What was the industrial relations act 1971 similar to

Of in place of strife

31

What did the trade unions do to make the industrial relations act fail

Made people disobey conditions of the act

32

How many working days were lost in 1970

Nearly 11 million

33

How many working days were lost in 1974

Nearly 15 million

34

What issues did heath government face

The miners strike of 1972
Heaths U turn 1972 ( rolls Royce)
Oil price shock of 1973, support isreal so syria and egypt stop giving britain oil

35

What was an issue with the result of the 1974 election

Minority government of only 3 seats

36

Was the social contract successful

To some degree it lasted until 78-79

37

When did labour drift to the left again

1974

38

When did Wilson resign

1976

39

What was stagflation

When the currency constantly inflated due to the labour government keep granting pay increases to miners etc

40

Did solving inflation help the economy

No there was no economic recovery

41

What prevented. A major economic crisis ?

The IMF loan of 1976 or £3900 million

42

What did Callaghan have to do to regain a majority

A pact with the liberals giving them 13 more seats

43

Why was a vote of no confidence held for Callaghan and his government

The winter of discontent in which there were mass strikes while Callaghan was on holiday

44

How did heath have a bad economic record

Inflation had reached 10%
Working days lost to strike increased to nearly 15 million
Left a substantial deficit

45

How many supporters did Mary whitehouse get against showing sex and violence on the BBC

400,000