5. Retroperitoneal structures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5. Retroperitoneal structures Deck (14):
1

Retroperiotoneal structures include ( generally)

GI structures tha lack a mesentery and non-GI structures

2

Injuries to retroperitoneal structures can cause

blood or gas accumulation in retroperiotoneal space

3

REtroperioneal structures

MNEMONIC: SAD PUCKER
1. Suprarenal ( adrenal ) glands
2 Aorta and IVC
3. Duodenum (2nd through 4th parts )
4 Pancreas ( except tail)
5. Ureters
6. Colon ( descending and ascending
7. Kidneys
8. Esophagus (thoraci portion)
9. Rectum ( partially)

4

parts of intestine that are retroperiotoneal

Duodenum ( 2nd through 4th parts )
Colon ( descending and ascending )
Rectum (partially)

5

Duodeunum - size, shape, structure, retroperitoneum where the pancreatic duct and common bile duct enter

25-38 cm C- shaped structure divided into 4 sections . 1st within the peritoneum but its other parts are retroperitoneal pancreatic duct and common bile duct enter 2nd part

6

colon - peritoneal vs retroperitoneal

descending and ascending are retroperitoneal

7

• Which parts of the duodenum are retroperitoneal?

The second, third, and fourth parts

8

• What qualities define the retroperitoneal structures?

Gastrointestinal structures lacking a mesentery and non-GI structures that are behind the peritoneum

9

• Name all the structures or parts of structures that are retroperitoneal structures

(SAD PUCKER mnemonic)
Suprarenal glands, Aorta/IVC, Duodenum (2nd–4th parts), Pancreas (not tail), Ureters, Colon, Kidneys, Esophagus (thoracic), Rectum (part)

10

• Which two structures are completely retroperitoneal?

Kidneys and adrenal glands

11

• What part of the pancreas is not found in the retroperitoneal space?

The tail

12

• Which two parts of the urinary system are retroperitoneal?

The kidney and ureters

13

• Which portion(s) of the colon is/are retroperitoneal?

The ascending and descending colon

14

• A man presents to the ED with injury to his retroperitoneal organs. What is likely to accumulate in the retroperitoneal space?

Blood, gas

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