5th Grade - HISTORY - Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5th Grade - HISTORY - Chapter 10 Deck (50):
1

On which peninsula is Greece located?

Balkan Peninsula

2

What early settlers of Greece are remembered for leaving the Trojan Horse outside the city of Troy?

Mycenaeans

3

What did the Greeks add to the Phoenician's alphabet to make it usable for literature?

The Greeks added vowels to the Phoenician's alphabet

4

Who is a Greek example of a Bard? What poems did he compose?

A Bard is a singing poet. The blind poet Homer was a Bard. He composed the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey."

5

Name famous Greek philosophers or "lovers of wisdom."

Plato, Aristotle and Socrates

6

Who is known as perhaps the greatest scientist of ancient Greece?

Archimedes - he invented advanced form of mathematics called calculus and discovered the value of "pi."

7

What is a city-state?

An independent city with its own government. The two most important were Sparta and Athens.

8

Name 5 important public places of Greek city-states?

Acropolis - means upper city (also religious center)
Agora - marketplace
Theater - largest gathering place (for festivals and plays)
Gymnasium - place for sports
Stadium - race track

9

What is democracy?

Combination of 2 words "people" and "rule." The idea that the citizens of a country should take an active part int he government of the country.

10

What was the first powerful city-state in ancient Greece?

Sparta

11

What was the only occupation of citizens in the city-state of Sparta?

They had to train and prepare for war. They were soldiers.

12

Which city-state was the greatest cultural center in ancient Greece?

Athens

13

After the age seven, boys from Athens were influenced by ____?

Men -- A trusted male slave was given the responsibility of being the boy's constant companion.

14

At what age did Spartan young men become citizens?

At the age of 30.

15

At what age did Athenian young men become citizens?

At the age of 18.

16

What is a Bard?

Singing poet

17

What is a philosopher?

Lover of wisdom

18

What is a phalanx?

A large group of foot soldiers who were armed with shields and spears that were 14 feet long.

19

The body of water that cuts Greece almost in half?

Gulf of Corinth

20

The three seas that surround Greece.

Aegean Sea
Ionian Sea
Mediterranean Sea

21

The largest Greek island?

Crete

22

What is the city-state where the Olympics began in 776 BC?

Olympia

23

The country where Alexander the Great came from.

Macedonia

24

The empire Alexander the Great was determined to conquer.

Persia

25

The writer of famous fables

Aesop

26

The philosopher who was concerned with the question, "What is the best way to live?"

Socrates

27

The father of Alexander

King Philip II of Macedonia

28

The Greek god honored by the Olympics

Zeus -- the king of the Greek gods

29

Acropolis

Means "upper city" - also religious center of the city

30

Agora

marketplace

31

Theater

largest gathering place -- used for religious festivals and plays

32

Gymnasium

Place for sports

33

Stadium

Long race track

34

Sparta or Athens?

Greatest cultural center

Athens

35

Sparta or Athens?

Developed the idea of democracy

Athens

36

Sparta or Athens?

Boys trained to be good citizens

Athens

37

Sparta or Athens?

Boys trained to be good soldiers

Sparta

38

Sparta or Athens?

Boys became citizens at age 18

Athens

39

Sparta or Athens?

Philosophers and foreigners not welcomed here.

Sparta

40

Sparta or Athens?

First city-state to become powerful.

Sparta

41

Sparta or Athens?

Most men could not read or write.

Sparta

42

Sparta or Athens?

All the work was done by the Helots.

Sparta

43

Sparta or Athens?

The most famous city-state.

Athens

44

How far east did Alexander's empire extend?

India

45

Which book of the Bible prophesied Alexander's powerful reign and short life?

Book of Daniel

46

How many cities did Alexander name after himself? Which one was the most important in its day?

16 cities were named after Alexandria. The most important one was Alexandria in Egypt.

47

What do we call the 200-year period that began with the death of Alexandria?

Hellenistic Age

48

What became the most important language during this time period and why was it important?

Greek was the most important language. God used the spread of Greek culture to prepare the way for the writing of the New Testament in the Greek language.

49

What happened to Alexander's empire after his death?

The empire was divided among Alexander's top 4 generals.

50

What was the purpose of the Trojan horse? Who built it?

During the Trojan War, the Mycenaeans pretended to depart from the city of Troy. They left behind a wooden horse with soldiers hidden inside. When the curious Trojans brought the Trojan Horse inside their city walls, the hidden soldiers came out and opened the gates, allowing their comrades to enter and defeat the city. The Mycenaeans built it.