6/10/13 b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6/10/13 b Deck (21):
1

What is the first-line tx for an acute gout attack?

NSAIDs (e.g. Indomethacin)

2

What are the most common intracranial neoplasms?

meningiomas

3

What is the rare malignancy that causes bloody vaginal discharge and appears as friable, grapelike masses protruding through the urethra or vagina of a very young girl?

Sarcoma botryoides

4

What is the initial treatment of any severe, symptomatic bradycardia?

IV Atropine

5

How much atropine should be given for treatment of severe, symptomatic bradycardia?

0.5 mg bolus every 3-5 min to a max. of 3 mg

6

Most common clinical presentation of aortic stenosis?

angina

7

What drug should be used to control schizophrenia when other neuroleptics have failed?

Clozapine

8

What is Charcot's triad for cholangitis?

RUQ pain, fever, and jaundice

9

What drug is contained in the morning-after pill?

levonorgestrel

10

What FiO2 is usu. considered toxic in mechanical ventilation?

>60%

11

What drugs need to be given in a hypertensive emergency?

labetalol, nitroprusside, and IV enalapril

12

What is the BP range for pre-htn?

120-139/80-89

13

What is the BP range for stage 1 htn?

140-159/90-99

14

What is the usu. tx for pre-htn?

lifestyle modification

15

What is the BP range for stage 2 htn?

>160/100

16

What is required in the tx of stage 2 htn?

2-drug regimen

17

What test is used to make the Dx of Pheo when the CT is negative?

MIBG

18

What is the medical tx for pheo?

alpha blockers: phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine

19

What is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, esp. African-Americans?

focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

20

Pts _______ usu. present in their teenage years w/ a progression from absence to myoclonic to generalized tonic-clonic seizures.

juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

21

At what time of day do the seizures of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy usu. happen?

morning