6. Churchill's view on Britain's world and his relations with War time leaders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6. Churchill's view on Britain's world and his relations with War time leaders Deck (24):
1

Which two countries did CH try and maintain allies with?

USA and USSR

2

What was CH and Roosevelt's relationship known as?

'The partnership that saved the west'

3

When did Roosevelt and CH first meet?

1918

4

3 ways in which the USA gave help to the UK?

allowed them to purchase American arms
lend-lease act giving them 50 destroyers
lent $31.6 billion to UK

5

Where did CH and Roosevelt's first meeting as National leaders take place? What was signed there?

1941 in Placentia Bay

6

What was the Atlantic Charter?

confirmed that US nor Britain wanted territorial gains

7

2 issues that USA was concerned with?

That UK was focusing too much on North Africia than invasion into France
British Empire was standing in the way of world free trade

8

Why did USA have the upper hand on UK?

the destroyers provided to British were damaged
USA were making large profits

9

When did Japan attack Peral Harbour? What did this lead to?

December 1941
USA joining the war after Hitler declared war on them

10

In 1942 what did Churchill persuade USA away from and promote instead?

Persuaded them away from invading France and instead to focus on a joint campaign in North Africa

11

What was accepted by Roosevelt at the Casablanca meeting?

British strategy for invading Sicily and then Italy

12

Which meeting was the split between USA and Britain?

Meeting at Quebec in 1943

13

2 reasons why realtions between Chirchill and Roosevelt had changed after Tehran?

Roosevelt refused to meet CH privately
USA abandoned 'Europe first' and now focused on defeating Japan

14

When did Roosevelt die?

April 1945

15

Why had CH been so against communism?

he had disagreed with the events of the 1917 revolution

16

What famous line did CH reference Stalin as in the House of Commons?

he said that if Hitler invaded Hell he would make a reference with the 'devil' being Stalin

17

When did CH and Stalin first meet? Why was CH annoyed?

1942
CH annoyed at Stalin's scornful comments on Britain's failures to invade Europe

18

What convinced USA that Russia was the key figure in the alliance over CH?

the sheer size of the Russian force

19

What were the spheres of influence?

mean that country could be dominated by greater power who would not neccessarily rule it directly

20

Who was the Greek Civil war between?

communists and royalist forces - Britain backed the royalists

21

What about Poland did CH have to accept at the Yalta conference?

had to accept that Poland would lose her Eastern territories

22

What did CH offer France to try and keep them in the war>

A union

23

What group did De Gualle run?

Free French - exiles from occupied France who were based in Britain

24

Why did USA/ Britain not get along with De Gualle?

He was not an offical political man or a highly rated army officer