6 - ENT - Upper airway - Obstruction - Causes + Signs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6 - ENT - Upper airway - Obstruction - Causes + Signs Deck (9):
1

Surgical sieve for causes of UAO

Foreign body
infective inflammatory
non-infective inflammatory
neoplastic
trauma
neuro
congenital

2

Causes of infective inflammatory UAO

laryngotracheobronchitis - croup
epiglottitis/supraglottitis
HPV
diptheria
TB

3

Causes of non-infective inflammatory UAO

anaphylaxis
wegeners granulomatosis

4

Neoplastic causes of UOA

laryngeal
hypopharyngeal
thyroid

5

Congenital causes of UOA

laryngomalacia - soft collapsing cartilage
laryngeal paralysis
subglottic web/stenosis

6

6 signs of UAO

noisy breathing
SOB/resp distress
voice change
local pain
dysphagia
pale/cyanosed

7

Stridor - what? meaning of when it can be heard?

it is musical noise when breathing
-inspiratory - laryngeal level
-expiratory wheeze - lower airways
-biphasic - tracheal (or upper and lower)

8

Sterto - what is it? cause?

sterto is inspiratory noise like snoring, from obstruction at pharynx

9

signs of respiratory distress

tachypnoea (>20)
tracheal tug
suprasternal retraction
agitation

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