6.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > 6.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6.3 Adolescence: Developing Independence and Identity Deck (12):
1

adolescence

- the years between the onset of puberty and the beginning of adulthood

2

puberty

- a developmental period in which hormonal changes cause rapid physical alterations in the body, culminating in sexual maturity

3

primary sex characteristics

- the sex organs concerned with reproduction

4

secondary sex characteristics

- features that distinguish the two sexes from each other but are not involved in reproduction

5

menarche

- the first menstrual period

6

Identity-diffusion status

- The individual does not have firm commitments regarding the issues in question and is not making progress toward them.

7

foreclosure status

- The individual has not engaged in any identity experimentation and has established an identity based on the choices or values of others

8

moratorium status

- The individual is exploring various choices but has not yet made a clear commitment to any of them.

9

identity-achievement status

- The individual has attained a coherent and committed identity based on personal decisions.

10

social identity

- the part of the self-concept that is derived from one’s group memberships

11

morality

- standards of behavior that are generally agreed on within a culture to be right or proper

12

Kohlberg's theory of morality

- proposes that moral reasoning is divided into the following stages: preconventional morality,
conventional morality, and postconventional morality
- has been expanded and challenged, particularly by Gilligan, who has focused on differences in morality between boys and girls.

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