7. Triads - Inversions, Close and Open Position Flashcards Preview

AGW Music Theory - Intermediate > 7. Triads - Inversions, Close and Open Position > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7. Triads - Inversions, Close and Open Position Deck (64):
1

What is a triad?

A three note chord.

2

How does an inversion of a triad occur?

When the Root (key note) of the triad is moved to a new position.

3

What is the distinguishing feature of a root position triad?

The triad is all lines or all spaces.

4

What is the root of a root position triad?

The lowest note.

5

In any inversion, how is the position of the triad determined?

By the lowest note.

6

What stays the same in any triad position (root position, 1st inv and 2nd inv)?

The name of the root of the triad.

7

What is the lowest note when a triad is in root position?

The root.

8

How do you change a triad in root position to 1st inversion?

The bottom note (the root) moves up one octave.

9

How do you change a triad in 1st inversion to 2nd inversion?

The bottom note (the 3rd) moves up one octave.

10

What is the lowest note when a triad is in 1st inversion position?

The 3rd

11

What is the lowest note when a triad is in 2nd inversion position?

The 5th.

12

What is the proper placement of accidentals in triads and inversions?

1st accidental is closest to the top
2nd accidental is further away from the bottom note
3rd accidental is furthest away from the middle note.

13

What does a root position Major triad consist of?

Root, Major third, Perfect 5th

14

What does a root position minor triad consist of?

Root, minor third and Perfect 5th.

15

How should you go about writing an inversion of a triad?

Write the triad in root position first and then write the inversion.

16

Where can triads be built?

On any degree of a Major or Harmonic minor scale.

17

What is used to indicate the scale degree of the root note if the triad?

Roman numerals - upper case RN for Major triads and lower case RN for minor triads.

18

In a Major scale - on what degrees of the Major scale are the major and minor triads built?

Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Subdominant
Dominant
Submediant

19

In an Harmonic minor scale - on what degrees of the minor scale are the major and minor triads built?

Tonic
Subdominant
Dominant
Subqmediant

20

How is a triad in Close position written?

The notes are written
1. as close together as possible
2. with no interval larger than a 6th.
3. broken or solid
4. in root position or an inversion
5. On the Grand staff or divided between the treble clef and the bass clef

21

How is the position of the triad determined?

By the lowest note.
- if the lowest note is the root (key note) - the triad is in root position
- if the lowest note is 3rd above the root - the triad is in 1st inversion position
- if the lowest note is 5th above the root - the triad is in 2nd inversion position

22

How are triads in an Open Position written?

The notes are written
1. with intervals larger than a 6th.
3. broken or solid
4. in root position or an inversion
5. On a single staff or on the Grand staff or divided between the treble clef and the bass clef
6. One of the notes (usually the root) may be doubled.

23

What is the definition of grave?

Slow and solrm

24

What is the definition of vivace?

Lively, brisk

25

What is the definition of accelerando?

Becoming quicker

26

What is the definition of meno mossa?

Less movement - slower

27

What is the definition of piu mossa?

More movement, quicker

28

What is the definition of rubato ?

With some freedom of tempo,to enhance musical expression

29

What is the definition of animato?

Lively, animated

30

What is the definition of brillante?

Brilliant

31

What is the definition of cantabile?

In a singing style

32

What is the definition of con brio?

With vigor,spirt

33

What is the definition of con espressione?

With expression

34

What is the definition of con moto?

With movement

35

What is the definition of dolce?

Sweet, gentle

36

What is the definition of espressivo?

Expressive, with expression

37

What is the definition of maestros?

Majestic

38

What is the definition of spiritoso?

Spirited

39

What is the definition of tranquillo?

Quiet,tranquil

40

What is the definition of leggiero?

Light, nimble, quick

41

What is the definition of M.M??

Maelzel's metronome

42

What is the definition of loco?

Return to normal register

43

What is the definition of tre corde?

Three strings - release the left (piano) petal,

44

What is the definition of una corda?

One string - one string, depress the left (piano) pedal.

45

What is the term for slow and solemn?

Grave

46

What is the term for lively, brisk?

Vivace

47

What is the term for becoming quicker?

Accelerando

48

What is the term for more movement, quicker?

Piu mossa

49

What is the term for with some freedom of tempo to enhance musical expression?

Rubato

50

What is the term for lively, animated?

Animato

51

What is the term for brilliant?

Brillante

52

What is the term for in a singing voice?

Cantabile

53

What is the term for with vigor, spirt?

Con brio

54

What is the term for with expression?

Con espressione

55

What is the term for sweet gentle?

Dolce

56

What is the term for expressive, with expression?

Espressivo, espress.

57

What is the term for majestic?

Maestros

58

What is the term for spirited?

Spiritoso

59

What is the term for tranquil, quiet?

Tranquillo

60

What is the term for light, quick, nimble?

Leggiero

61

What is the term for Maelzel's metronome?

M.M.

62

What is the term for return to normal register?

Loco

63

What is the term for three strings, release the left piano pedal?

Tre corda

64

What is the term for one string (depress the left piano pedal?

Una corda