7-WesternCultures-Greece-StudyGuide-Part2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7-WesternCultures-Greece-StudyGuide-Part2 Deck (68):
1

Oracle

Person who could speak with the Gods

2

Intellect

Ability to learn and reason

3

Prophecy

Statement of what might happen in the future

4

Pancratium

Fighting event, combined wrestling and boxing

5

Pentathalon

Five events

6

Philosophia

Love of wisdom, studying laws of nature

7

Classify

Group together like items, Aristotle's idea for examining plants and animals

8

Socratic Method

Questioning designed to make person arrive at an answer pr the Truth

9

Comedy

Play with happy ending

10

Tragedy

Type of play, story about suffering

11

Hypothesis

Possible explanation, educated guess

12

Logic

Science of reasoning

13

Mt. Olympus

Where the Greek Gods and Goddesses lived

14

Agora

Marketplace, where politics were discussed, items were traded, and people socialized

15

Herodutus

Father of History, wrote historical accounts of the Persian War (think History)

16

The Republic

First political science book

17

Political science

Study of government

18

The Dialogues

Written by Plato on what the Truth is

19

Hippocratic Oath

Oath physicians take, ethics and protection of patients rights

20

Frieze

Band of sculpture located above columns on a Greek building, contains metopes

21

Pediment

Triangular area located between frieze and roof on Greek building

22

Parthenon

Built by Pericles in Golden Age to honor Athena

23

Grammatisites

Taught reading, writing, and arithmetic

24

Kitharistes

Taught singing and playing instruments (think Keys on a piano)

25

Gymnastics

Taught wrestling and gymnastics

26

Three types of pottery

Geometric- repeating shapes
Black-Figure style- shows mythical and daily life scenes
Red-Figure style- shows variety of poses, human muscles, and facial features

27

Aristotle

Plato's famous student, wrote History of Animals (classification) (think Animals)

28

Aspasia

Supported women's rights, thought to write Pericles's Funeral Oration

29

Pericles

Military/government leader during Golden Age of Athens

30

Plato

Wrote The Republic, taught Aristotle (think Politics)

31

Pythagoras

Pythagorean Theorem, measured music mathematically

32

Sophocles

Athens's greatest playwright, wrote Oedipus Rex, son murdered father to gain crown and also married mother (think Shakespeare)

33

Thucydides

Historian and writer, exiled for failure in battle

34

phalanx

military tactic/formation created by Phillip II

35

orator

public speaker

36

barbaroi

barbarians, what the Greeks called the Persians

37

immigrate

move onto a city-state

38

emigrate

move out of a city-state

39

What did the new rulers of Greece do?

trade was increased under Phillip II (he was of Greek decent)

40

What does the term Hellenistic mean?

Like the Greeks (the Hellenes)

41

Hen Philip II of Macedonia was young, what happened to him?

He was taken hostage by Thebes

42

What did Philip II learn in Thebes?

to love Greek culture

43

What did Philip believe was his destiny?

to unite the Greek city-states under one (his) rule

44

What was the Macedonian army like before Philip transformed it?

it consisted of volunteers

45

How did Philip cause the Greek city-states to fight?

he broke treaties, and caused disagreements

46

Why did Philip try to make the city-states fight?

to weaken them so his army could move in

47

How did Philip form alliances?

partnerships and marriages

48

Who tried to warn the Greeks of Philip

Demosthenes (orator)

49

How did Philip II die?

Assassination (336 BC)

50

Who were Alexander (the Great)'s parents?

Phillip and Olympia of Macedonia

51

In what position was Alexander by age 16?

he was in charge of the cavalry

52

What were some subjects taught to Alexander by Aristotle?

literature, political science, geography

53

What was Alexander's dream for his empire?

a worldwide state, everyone living in piece

54

How many cities did Alexander create in total?

70

55

What was the name of 16 of Alexander's cities?

Alexandria

56

Which was the most famous Alexandria?

Egypt- Pharos, Lighthouse of Alexandria, and the Library

57

What happened at the Indus River Valley?

Alexander's soldiers refused to fight/advance further

58

How did Alexander conquer cities?

siege engines and catapults

59

How much was Alexander worth?

$60 billion

60

How did Alexander die?

Malaria (mosquito bite)

61

How old was Alexander when he died?

32

62

What happened to Alexander's body in Babylon?

It was wrapped in gold and placed in a glass coffin

63

Who did Alexander say should take over his Empire?

the strongest

64

What really happened to Alexander's Empire?

Divided among his generals

65

Why did Greeks emigrate form their home city-states?

to work in foreign factories

66

How did the Golden Age of Athens cause the Peloponesian War?

Athens got wealthy.
Smaller league members became frustrated and wanted to leave the league.
These city-states turned to Sparta for help.
Sparta said that Athens must release the Delian League's city-states or face War.

67

What happened to Greece in 146 BCE?

The Romans invaded

68

What led to the decline of the Greek city-states?

People lost sense of community.
The war was expensive.
People wanted to male money
Bitterness between classes
Thebes's rule weakened Greece
Greece was not strong enough to fight off an invasion.