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Flashcards in 8-10 Deck (25):
1

The first constitution of the US created to form a perpetual union and a firm league of friendship among the thirteen original states. It was adopted by the second continental congress on November 15, 1777 and sent to the states for ratification

Articles of confederation

2

A form of political organization in which the sovereign states combine for certain specified purposes such as mutual defense. Member states can leave a confederation at any time. The US was a confederation from 1776 to 1789

Confederation

3

An armed revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and mortgage foreclosures. The rebellion fueled support for amending the articles of confederation

Shays Rebellion (1786-1787)

4

Reasoned discussion as opposed to emotional display

Civil discourse

5

The meeting held in Philadelphia pa from May to September 1787 at which the US constitution was written

Constitutional convention

6

James Madison, Ben Franklin, Alexander Hamilton all ______

Attended the constitutional convention

7

_____ refused to attend the constitutional convention because he was suspicious and "smelled a rat"

Patrick Henry

8

Which state refused to send any delegates

Rhode Island

9

Delegates from ___ states had to attend

7

10

1. A person chosen to act for or represent others 2. To entrust someone to represent your interests

Delegate

11

A form of government in which power is divided and shared between a central government and state / local government

Federal system (federalism)

12

The organization having central political authority in a nation; the representative unit of political organization

National government

13

In the context of American government, the electoral system in which the number of representatives for a state is based on the number of people living in the state. Is used to determine the number of each states representative in the US House of Representatives

Proportional representation

14

James Madison drafted a plan for the new national government called

The Virginia plan

15

The Virginia plan had a ______

strong national government

16

The Virginia plan recommended the national government would have ___ branches

3

17

The Virginia plan recommended that congress should have __ houses the _____ and _____

2; House of Representatives; Senate

18

The Virginia plan recommended the House of Representatives be elected by

The people

19

The Virginia plan recommended the senate would be elected by

The House of Representatives

20

The Virginia plan recommended that the number of Representatives would be based on

State population or amount contribution to the federal treasury

21

A plan accepted at the Philadelphia convention in 1787 that called for a congress of 2 houses: in the upper house, senate, representation of the states would be equal with each state having 2 senators. In the house Representation is based on population. Also called the Connecticut compromise

The great compromise

22

Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3, later eliminated by the 14th amendment. The Clause provided that each slave should be counted as 3/5ths of a person when determining the number of Representatives a state might send to the House. It also determined the amount of direct taxes Congress might levy on a state

Three fifths compromise

23

The New Jersey plan was similar to the _______

Articles of confederation

24

The great compromise also stated that the _____ should have the power to develop all bills for taxation

House of Representatives

25

The great compromise also stated that ______ should be limited to accepting and rejecting the tax bills

The senate