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Flashcards in 8/2 Block 1 Deck (27):
1

Hemophilia A inheritance pattern

X linked recessive

2

When to not give Microbid in UTI? Why?

Suspected pyelo, Microbid doesn't penetrate the kidney

3

Tick that transmits lyme? How long does it need to be attached to worry about lyme

Ixodes
36-48 hours

4

What makes lumbar spinal stenosis pain better

Sitting down and flexion
Increases with extension

5

Mitral regurg heart sounds

Early systolic decrescendo murmur at cardiac apex
*Also hyper dynamic precordium*

6

What causes chagas

Protozoan infection due to Trypanosoma cruzi

7

Buzzword exam for Chagas

Left ventricular apical aneurysm in absence of coronary disease

8

ASD murmurs (3)

1. Wide and fixed splitting of the second heart sound
2. Mid systolic ejection murmur
3. Mid diastolic rumble

9

VSD murmur

Harsh holosystolic murmur over 3rd and 4th intercostal

10

Who gets Anti-D immune globulin

At 28 weeks gestation to all Rh(D)-negative women with a negative anti-D antibody screen.
Repeat dose <72 hours after pregnancy if infant is Rh (D) pos

11

Psych meds associated with SIADH

Carbamazepine
SSRIs
Valproic acid

12

Dementia w/ Lewy Body hallucination mgmt

Second gen antipsychotics (Quetapine)
*pt's extremely sensitive to first gen*

13

Skin manifestation of sporotrichosis

Ulceration with non-purulent, odorless drainage
*starts as painless papule*

14

Tx for catatonia

Benzos

15

What is though to cause contrast induced nephropathy

Contrast induced renal vasoconstriction

16

First line tx for benign essential tremor

B-blockers

17

LDL level indication for statin

>190

18

How does MTX cause macrocytic anemia

Inhibition of Dihydrofolate reductase

19

Features of cryoglobulinemia

Palpable purpura, weakness and arthralgia
Elevated RF
Hypocomplimentemia

20

Patient should be tested for what prior to HIV tx

Hep B- some treatments work for both

21

First line therapy for plantar warts

Topical salicylic acid

22

How do plantar warts usually present

multiple hyperkeratotic papule on the sole of the foot
*takes 2-3 seeks to become apparent*

23

HIV exposure ppx

Tenfovir, Emtricitabine (Two nucleotide reverse inhibitors)
Raltegarive (integrase strand transfer inhibitor

24

What is primary biliary cholangitis characterized as

-Fibrosis and obliteration of intrahepatic bile duct
-fatigue and pruritus
-Inc alk phos, antimitochondrial antibodies

25

Primary biliary cholangitis is associated with an increased risk of

Osteopenia and osteoporosis

26

Massive PE effet on the hear

Acute right ventricular dysfunction
Tricuspid annulus dilation
Functional triscupid regurg

27

Best test to evaluate a pancreatic cyst

Endoscopic ultrasound with aspiration