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Flashcards in 8/2 Block 2 Deck (34):
1

Allergen most frequently associated with asthma

Dust mites

2

Histrionic personality disorder is characterized by

excessive superficial emotionality and attention seeking

3

How long can a tension headache last?

30 minuts to 9 days

4

How long can a cluster headache last

15-90 minutes

5

3 things needed to diagnose acute pancreatitis (need 2 of 3)

1. Severe persistent epigastric pain
2. Elevation of amylase or lipase >3x upper limit of normal
3. Findings on imaging

6

What should patients who show signs of pancreatitis complications >72 ours aster presentation get

CT c contrast

7

What is power in a study

the ability to detect if an effect exists

8

What is type 1 error

Probability of seeing a difference when there is no difference in reality

9

Non-classic CAH caused by

reduced 21 alpha hydroxylase activity

10

Classic vs non-classic CAH

Classic - Na wasting
Non-classic - No Na wasting (reduced vs complete 21 alpha hydroxylase def)

11

Diagnosis of non classic CAH

Elevated 17-hydroxyprogesterone on ACTH stimulation test

12

Clinical manifestations of non-classic CAH

Early puberty
Axillary hair growth
Severe acne
*No evidence of testicle enlargement*

13

Why do most infants with congenital hypothyroidism appear asymptomatic

Maternal T4 crosses placenta

14

Diagnosis of chronic Hep C requires

Positive seraglio test and confirmatory nucleic acid test to confirm HCV RNA in the blood

15

When is COC contraindicated in smokers

Heavy smokers over the age of 35

16

Why are COC contraindicated in patients with migraine and aura's

risk of ischemic stroke

17

Two Ab specific for lupus

Anti-DsDNA
Anti-Smith antibodies

18

What Ab can be used to follow disease activity in lupus

Anti-dsDNA antibodies

19

Hydroxychloroquinine in SLE

Good for improving arthralgias, serositis, and cutaneous symptoms in SLE

20

Patients with suspected peptic ulcer perf get what before surgery

IVF
Broad spectrum abs
IV PPI

21

Latent TB tx options

1. Isoniazid and rifapentine for 3 months
2. Isoniazid mono therapy for 6-9 months
3. Rifampin for 4 months

22

When do pregnant women with a pelvic mass require surgical intervention

1. When the mass is persistent
2. Has complex features
3. >10cm in diameter

23

Why is the 2nd trimester the ideal time for surgery

The uterus is contained within the pelvis

24

SIADH causes what kind of hyponatremia

Normovolemic hyponatremia

25

1st line tx for SIADH

Water restriction

26

Test diagnostic for chronic granulomatous disease

Dihydrohodamine 123 oxidation test

27

What is chronic granulomatous disease

X-linked immune disorder with severe bacterial and fungal pneumonias and skin infections

28

What kids have low quantitative immunoglobulins

Chronic variable immunodeficiency

29

Therapy for OCD

Exposure and response prevention therapy (specific type of CBT)

30

Buproprione MOA

Nonserotonergi antidepressant that ihbits uptake of norephi and dopa

31

Raynauds drug

Dihydro Ca channel blockers: Nifedipine or amolidipine

32

Hypocalcemia following parathyroidectomy is caused by

Relative hypoparathyroidism or hungry bone syndrome

33

What should all pregnant women be screen for at 24-28 wks gestation

Anemia and gestational DM

34

Gestational thrombocytopenia features

1. Platelets 70-150k
2. Second or 3rd trimesters
3. Resolves after delivery