8/25/14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8/25/14 Deck (23):
1

glasgow

3-15 measures eye opening, motor response, verbal response

2

steroid side effect

GI ulcer, hyperglycemia

3

The 3 brain component

brain tissue, cloos, cerebrospinal fluid.

4

decrease in LOC

hypoxia, hypoglycemia, hypotension, hypovolemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, H+ acidosis

5

MAP formula

1(sys) + 2(dia) divided 3

6

CPP

cerebral perfusion pressure (MAP-ICP) normal 70-100. CPP must be more than 60

7

How todecrease ICP

bed at 30 degree., keep neck neutral, pain

8

Cushing's triad

Increases systolic but diastolic stays down. (WIdening pulse pressure).
Bradycardia with full bounding pulse
irregular, slow resp
LATE SIGN THAT BRAIN HERNIATION IS IMMINENT

9

pain stimuli

knuckle against sternum, or torque against trap muscle on back

10

Painful response

Posture is not a good sign

11

dilated and fixed pupil

sign of ICP

12

decorticate

fill in

13

cpp ranges

less than 30 incompatiblewith life. less than 60 impaired impaired blood flow

14

hyoertonic

pulls fluid from the cell to the vascular system . Stresses the heart and lung because more fluid in vascular system

15

autoregulation

A physiologic process that maintains constant cerebral blood flow despite fluctuations in BP>

16

C-4 above injury

lost of all muscle function, including breathing often. fatal/onvent total dependence on ADL

17

C5-C6 injury

Weak shoulder shrug NO HAND GRASP. Weak cough effort-diaphram affected. Frequently on ventilator during acute phase. Loses extension, weak flexion, gross weak hand motion.

18

C7-C8

cervical injury, usual protected (ribs) Loses sensation-ARMS,WEAK HAND MOVEMENT. Has potential for independent living (most self care, drives, assistance for 6 hrs/day).

19

poikilothermism

variable body temperature

20

SPinal cord injury drug

hiGH DOSE methylprednisolone

21

Corpectomy–

CORING OUT THE VERTEBERAL BODY FOR CAGE

22

autonomic dysreflexia

rapid onset HTN and bradycardia, Diaphoresis, goosbumps, red face, throbbing headache. TX find cause

23

spinal shock

messages being transmitted up and down the spinal cord are suddenly stopped for a period