Flashcards in 8 - Gynae - Disorders of the Urinary Tract - Ix of UT Deck (7):
Urine dipstick - tests for 5 things in urine? essential when pt presents w ? Sx
- what = infection - if +ve what is sent for?
-What = DM?
-what gives haematuria?
glucose, blood, nitrites, leucocytes, protein
nitrites - M+C+S
bladder Ca or calculi
Urinary diary - what does pt record? for how long? what info do you get from it?
How to exclude chronic retention?
time and vol of fluid intake and micturition
info about drinking habits, freq and bladder capacity
post micturition USS or catheterisation
USS - excludes ? bladder emptying, checks for ? ?, calculi, ? and ? ? of kidneys
cortical scarring of kidneys
AXR - diagnose ? ? and ?
CT Urogram - with what? what is examined?
foreign bodies and calculi
integrity and route of ureters
Methylene dye test - ? dye installed to ?, looking for ?-urethral ? eg ? seen
Cystoscopy - inspection of bladder cavity to exclude ?, ?, ?, ?, ?? - but little indication of bladder performance.
tumours, cystitis, stones, fistulae, surgical mistakes
Urodynamic studies - what is specific test called?
-done ? to surgery for ? incontinence or for women whose ? is refractory.
-done w/ or w/o ? ?
-what does this test directly measure? how?
prior, stress, OAB,
bladder pressure as its filled and provoked by coughing (via catheter) , intra abdo pressure too (transducer in rectum/vagina)