8. Whole Tone, Pentatonic, Blues and Octatonic Scales Flashcards Preview

AGW Music Theory - Intermediate > 8. Whole Tone, Pentatonic, Blues and Octatonic Scales > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8. Whole Tone, Pentatonic, Blues and Octatonic Scales Deck (68):
1

What are the names of four 20th century scales?

Whole Tone Scales
Pentatonic Scales
Blues Scales
Octatonic Scales

2

What is a whole tone?

A tone with one semi-tone between the first and second key.

3

What is a Whole Tone scale?

A series of seven notes made up of six consecutive whole tones (six different letter names), beginning and ending on the same letter name.

4

What are the only two ways of writing the whole tone scale?

Using the group of 3 black keys or the group of 2 black keys.

5

What does a whole tone scale use ascending and descending?

The same notes ascending and descending. Use all sharps or all flats.

6

How many letter names are omitted in a whole tone scale and what is created as a result?

One letter name is omitted creating a diminished third.

7

What does a Pentatonic scale consist of?

5 notes plus the upper tonic, for a total of 6 notes.

8

How do you form a Major Pentatonic scale?

By taking a Major scale and omitting the 4th and 7th degrees.

9

What is the distance between the first 2 notes of a Major Pentatonic scale?

A Major 2nd.

10

How do you form a minor pentatonic scale?

By taking a natural minor scale and omitting the 2nd and 6th degrees.

11

What is the distance between the first two notes of a minor pentatonic scale?

A minor 3rd.

12

What notes does a Major Pentatonic Scale and a minor pentatonic scale use?

The same notes.

13

How do you form a Blues scale from a Major scale?

By taking a Major scale,
- omitting the 2nd and 6th degrees,
- lowering the 3rd and 7th degrees, and
- creating the "blue note" by repeating the 5th one chromatic semitone lower or repeating the 4th one chromatic semitone higher.

14

How may a blues scale be written?

With a lowered 5th degree or a raised 4th degree.

15

How do you form a Blues scale from the natural minor scale?

By taking the natural minor scale,
- omitting the 2nd and 6th degrees (minor pentatonic scale), and
- adding the "blue note" of the raised 4th or lowered 5th degree.

16

What does an Octatonic scale consist of?

Eight notes plus the upper tonic for a total of 9 notes.

17

How do you form an Octatonic scale?

By alternating whole tone (whole step) and semitone (half step) OR semitone (half step) and whole tone (whole step)

18

What is a Whole Tone scale?

7 notes - 6 whole tones
Beginning and ending on the same letter name

19

What is a Major Pentatonic scale?

6 notes plus repeated Tonic
Major scale omitting the 4th (fa) and 7th (ti) degrees

20

What is a minor pentatonic scale?

6 notes plus repeated Tonic
Natural minor scale omitting the 2nd (rae) and 6th (la) degrees.

21

What is a Blues scale?

7 notes - 6 plus repeated Tonic
Minor pentatonic scale adding the "blue note" of the raised 4th (fa) or lowered 5th (so) degree

22

What is an Octatonic scale?

9 notes - 8 plus repeated Tonic
Alternates between whole tones and semitones or between semitones and whole tones.

23

What is the definition of alla, all'?

In the manner of

24

What is the definition of assai?

Much, very much ie allegro assai - very fast

25

What is the definition of ben, bene?

well ie ben marcato - well marked

26

What is the definition of col, coll', colla,colle?

with ie coll' ottava - with an added octave

27

What is the definition of con?

with

28

What is the definition of e, ed?

and

29

What is the definition of ma?

but - ie- ma non troppo - but not too much

30

What is the definition of meno?

less

31

What is the definition of molto?

much, very

32

What is the definition of non?

not

33

What is the definition of non troppo?

not to much

34

What is the definition of piu?

more

35

What is the definition of poco?

little

36

What is the definition of poco a poco?

little by little

37

What is the definition of quasi?

as if

38

What is the definition of sempre?

always, continuously

39

What is the definition of senza?

without

40

What is the definition of troppo?

too much

41

What is the term for "in the manner of"?

alla, all'

42

What is the term for "much, very much"?

assai

43

What is the term for "well" as in well marked?

ben, bene

44

What is the term for "with" as in with an added octave?

col, coll', colla, colle

45

What is the term for "with"?

con

46

What is the term for "and"?

e, Ed

47

What is the term for "but"?

ma

48

What is the term for "less"?

meno

49

What is the term for "much", "very"?

molto

50

What is the term for "not"?

non

51

What is the term for "not too much"?

non troppo

52

What is the term for "more"?

piu

53

What is the term for "little"?

poco

54

What is the term for "little by little ?

poco a poco

55

What is the term for "as if ?

quasi

56

What is the term for "always, continuously"?

sempre

57

What is the term for "without"?

senza

58

What is the term for "too much"?

troppo

59

How many notes in a Whole Tone Scale?

Seven

60

How many notes in a Blues Scale?

Seven

61

How many notes in a Pentatonic Scale?

Six

62

How many notes in a Octatonic Scale?

Nine

63

What makes up the seven notes of a Whole Tone Scale?

Six consecutive whole tones beginning and ending on the same letter name.

64

What notes (degrees) are omitted from a Major Blues Scale?

2nd and 6th notes (degrees)

65

What notes (degrees) are lowered one semitone in a Major Blues Scale?

3rd, 5th and 7th.

66

What note (degree) is repeated in a Major Blues Scale and what is done to the repeated note?

5th note (degree) is repeated and it is first lowered one semitone, then raised one semitone.

67

What notes (degrees) are omitted in a Major Pentatonic Scale?

The 4th and 7th degrees of a Major scale.

68

What notes (degrees) are omitted in a Minor Pentatonic Scale?

The 2nd and 6th degrees of the natural minor scale.