81. Octreotide Flashcards Preview

Gastrointestinal > 81. Octreotide > Flashcards

Flashcards in 81. Octreotide Deck (6)
1

Octreotide - mechanism

Long-acting somatostatin analog; inhibits secretion of various splanchnic vasodilatory hormones

2

Octreotide - clinical use

Acute variceal bleeds, acromegaly, VIPoma, carcinoid tumors.

3

Octreotide - adverse effects

Nausea, cramps, steatorrhea. Increased risk of cholelithiasis due to CCK inhibition

4

• A patient presents with bleeding esophageal varices. What is the mechanism of action of a drug that can acutely help abort the bleeding?

Octreotide is a long-acting somatostatin analog that inhibits actions of many splanchnic vasoconstriction hormones

5

• A patient on pharmacologic treatment for a VIPoma experiences nausea, cramps, and steatorrhea. What medication is she likely taking?

Octreotide

6

• A man with recent onset of excessive growth hormone secretion and a woman with a carcinoid tumor both could both benefit from what drug

Octreotide

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