9/26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9/26 Deck (32):
1

what is the condition called when the body doesn't produce app B so that chylomicrons are not absorbed in the intestine to go into the blood and results in enterocytes with clear and foamy cells in them

Abetalipoproteinemia

2

intestinal disease with inflammation of the walls of the intestinal layers and noncaseating granulomas

Crohns Disease

3

distended foamy PAS + macrophages in the lamina propria is a sign of what intestinal disease

Whipple Disease

4

aversion to smoking is seen in what hepatitis

hep A

5

a child that looks like a female but never receives a period because of the lack of ovaries but has testicles in the abdomen has what diagnosis

androgen insensitivity syndrome

6

ambiguous genitalia in females with salt wasting is

Congenital adrenal insufficiency

7

deletion on the short arm of chromosome 5 causes

Cri du Chat

8

recurrent viral, fungal and opportunistic infections, chronic diarrhea and failure to thrive are due to a disease called

SCID

9

isolated B cell defect where there is recurring sinopulmonary infections in a child

Agammaglobulinemia

10

IFN-y is used for

chronic granulomatous disease

11

terminal complement deficiency causes the lack of the formation of MAC and makes people susceptible to infections with what

Neisseria

12

two cells involved in the candida antigen skin test which helps to see repose by t cells mediated immunity

CD4 cells
macrophages
CD 8 cells

13

locus cerilius is located where

in the posterior rostral pons near the lateral floor of the fourth ventricle

14

what is the main site for NE production in the brain

locus cerilius

15

abnormal activation of the locus cerilus has been associated with

panic attacks

16

people with bilateral hemorrhage of the pontine posterior region present with

coma because of disruption of the reticular activating system

17

what pathway regulates voluntary movement

nigrostriatal pathway

18

what pathways regulate cognition and behavior

mesolimbic and mesocortical pathways

19

what pathway inhibits prolactin secretion

tuberoinfundibulnar pathway

20

name the four pathways that deal with dopamine

tuberoinfundibular
mesolimbic
mesocortical
nigrostriatal

21

lesions of the macula cause

central scotomas

22

when study subjects change the way they act because they know that they are being watched

Hawthorne Effect

23

nitric oxide is synthesized from what amino acid

Arginine

24

pancreatic auto digestion si due to what

activation of trypsinogen into trypsin inside of the pancreas, it turns all the other zymogens on and auto destroys the pancreas

25

enzymes that cleave trypsinogen into trypsin

enterokinase

26

gastrin secreting tumors cause what disease

Zollinger Ellison Syndrome

27

ulcers found beyond the duodenal bulb are usually a sign of

zollinger Ellison syndrome

28

administration of secretin causing an increase in gastrin production from gastronomes is a sign of what disease

zollinger ellison syndrome

29

name three drugs that can impair lithium absorption

ACEI
Thiazide Diuretics
NSAID ( not aspirin)

30

what TB drug causes optic neuropathy, central scotomas, and color blindness

ethambutol

31

what drug inhibits mycolic acid synthesis that is a TB drug

isoniazid

32

ude of INH

neurotoxic ( give vitamin B 6 with it) and hepatotoxic