9/9 Questions Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9/9 Questions Exam 2 Deck (23):
1

What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population?

a range of 2.6% to 10%

2

What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?

the native alaskan (inuit) population

3

Lumbar spondylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals?

fetuses, newborns, rarely in children under 5 years old, patients who have never walked and in non-erect species

4

What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?

the uniquely human upright stance or erect postrue

5

Lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics?

familial association, spina bifida occulta, racial/ethnic disparities, gender and locational bias, youthful incidence and activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

6

What is the gender bias and locational bias associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

men at L5/S1; women at L4/L5

7

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

10-20 year olds

8

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae?

gymnastics, dance, soccer

9

What fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

fibrocartilagenous material

10

What name has been given to the material filling the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

spondylolysis ligament

11

What types of neural function(s) have been associated with the spondylolysis ligament?

nociception, neuromodulation, and autonomic function

12

What is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

a Scotty dog

13

What is the appearance of a defect in the pars interarticularis in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

a collared scotty dog

14

In an oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the scotty dog?

the neck of the scotty dog

15

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of a scotty dog?

the pedicle

16

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of a scotty dog?

the superior articular process

17

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a scotty dog?

the transverse process

18

What characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis?

rare, congenital, gender biased toward men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

19

What characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

rare in the general population, within typical percents in native alaskan (inuit) population, seems to be acquired, gender biased toward men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

20

Identify all names given to type 1 spondylolisthesis?

dysplastic spondylolisthesis, congenital spondylolisthesis

21

What is the locational bias of type 1 spondylolisthesis?

L5 or upper sacral segments

22

What additional conditions are linked to type 1 spondylolisthesis?

spina bifida occulta and nerve root compression of the S1 nerve

23

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in Spinal II?

a separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)