9 - Ortho Flashcards Preview

Med Surg P.P.'s > 9 - Ortho > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9 - Ortho Deck (22):
1

What are the 4 major body systems that are impacted by immobility?

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2

What is the pnemonic for the first aid treatment of soft tissue injuries?

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3

Bone subjected to repeated stress, AKA fatigue fracture

 

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Stress Fracture

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4

Displacement of fracture fragments, can be axially displaced, angulated or rotated 

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Displaced Fracture

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5

Related to joints

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Interarticular Fracture

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6

Across the shaft of the bone, combo of bending and twisting 

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Oblique Fracture

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7

One broken end driven and wedged into the other – commonly seen with comminuted fractures 

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Impacted Fracture

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8

A fracture in which bone has splintered into several fragments

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Comminuted Fracture

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9

Ligament or tendon attached to bone pulls away 

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Avulsion Fracture

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10

Lengthwise along bone

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Longitudinal Fracture

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11

A fracture that is straight across the bone

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Transverse Fracture

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12

Many small fragments (more than 2 pieces)

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Comminuted Fracture

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13

A fracture that results from repeated loading without bone and muscle recovery 

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Stress Fracture

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14

A fracture occurring at an angle across the bone (less stable than a transverse fracture) 

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Oblique Fracture

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15

A fracture that twists around the shaft of the bone

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Spiral Fracture

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16

A fracture in which one side of a bone is broken and the other side is bent 

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Greenstick Fracture

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17

Related to disease making bones brittle

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Pathologic Fracture

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18

Incomplete fracture in which the bone bends

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Greenstick Fracture

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19

A fracture in which a bone fragment is driven into another bone fragment

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Impacted Fracture

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20

A fracture in which a fragment of bone has been pulled away by a ligament or tendon and its attachment 

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Avulsion Fracture

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21

Fracture line spirals around the shaft of the bone

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Spiral Fracture

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22

A fracture that occurs through an area of diseased bone (eg, osteoporosis, bone cyst, Paget’s disease, bony metastasis, tumor); can occur without trauma or a fall 

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Pathologic Fracture

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