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Flashcards in A&F Deck (29):
1

What are the muscles of the anterior arm?

biceps brachii
coracobrachilais
brachialis

2

What nerve supplies the anterior arm?

musculocutaneous n.

C5, 6, 7

3

What nerve pierces coracobrachialis?

musculocutaneous n.

C5, 6, 7

4

What muscles are in the posterior arm?

triceps brachii

5

What nerve supplies the posterior arm?

radial n.

C5, 6, 7, 8, T1

6

What are the two muscles involved in pronation?

pronator teres m.
pronator quadratus m.

7

What muscle comes around the lateral edge of the forearm so that its kind of looks like its in anterior and posterior compartments but is actually posterior?

brachioradialis m.

8

What are the associated function of the anterior compartment of the forearm?

wrist movements
flexion of digits and thumb
pronation

9

How many layers does the anterior forearm have?

3 layers:

superficial (4)
Intermediate (1)
deep (3)

10

What nerve(s) supply the anterior forearm?

Median (mostly median) and ulnar n.

C6, 7, 8, T1

11

What are the muscles of the anterior forearm, from medial to lateral?

Flexor carpi ulnaris
palmaris longus
flexor carpi radialis
pronator teres

12

What nerve passes through the two heads of flexor carpi ulnaris?

ulnar n.

C8 - T1

13

What nerve passes through the two heads of the pronator teres m?

median n.

C6, 7, 8, T1

14

What nerve is messed up when you have pronator syndrome?

median n.

C6, 7, 8, T1

15

What is the intermediate muscle of the anterior forearm?

flexor digitorum superficialis

16

What are the deep muscles of the anterior forearm from medial to lateral?

flexor digitorum profundus
flexor pollicus longus
pronator quadratus

17

What creates the carpal tunnel?

flexor retinaculum

18

How many layers does the posterior forearm have?

2 layers:

superficial (7)
deep (5)

19

What are the movements associated with the posterior forearm?

movement of wrist
extension of fingers and thumb
supination

20

What nerve is associated with the superficial muscles of the posterior forearm?

radial n.

C5, 6, 7, 8

21

What are the muscles of the superficial posterior forearm from lateral to medial?

brachioradialis
extensor carpi radialis longus
extensor carpi radialis brevis
extensor digitorum
extensor digiti minimi
extensor carpi ulnaris
anconeus

22

What nerve is associated with the muscles of the deep posterior forearm?

posterior interosseus n.

23

What are the muscles of the deep posterior forearm from lateral to medial?

supinator
abductor pollicus longus
extensor pollicus brevis
extensor pollicus longus
extensor indicis

24

What is the path of the musculocutaneous n.?

1. pierces coracobrachialis and supplies it

2. continues into biceps (supplies all of this) and brachialis (supplies half of this)

3. emerges between biceps/brachialis as lateral antebrachial cutaneous n.

4. supplies skin of lateral forearm

25

What is the path of the median n.?

1. runs down medial aspect of arm lateral to brachial a.

2. crosses over brachial a. to medial side, enters cubital fossa

3. runs between flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus

4. supplies most muscles of anterior forearm

5. continues under carpal tunnel to supply lateral hand through the palmar branch

26

Why is the palmar branch of the median n. important?

If you have carpal tunnel syndrome, your palmar branch is unaffected--maintain sensation in lateral hand

27

What is the path of the ulnar n.?

1. travels posteriorly down medial aspect of arm

2. runs in cubital tunnel between medial epicondyle and olecranon (funny bone)

3. dives into medial forearm (with ulnar a.) to supply it

4. continues over carpal tunnel to supply medial and deep hand

28

What is the path of the radial n.?

1. runs with deep brachial a. in radial groove of humerus (emerges from triangular interval)

2. continues between brachialis and brachioradialis

3. supplies all of triceps brachii and lateral brachialis

4. divides into superficial (skin on back of hand) and deep (posterior mm. of forearm) branches

29

What is the path of the brachial a.?

1. direct continuation of axillary a., becomes brachial at inferior border of teres major

2. splits into radial and ulnar aa.

(also sends of deep brachial a. before bifurcation)

3. sends off superior and inferior ulnar collateral aa.