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Flashcards in A&P 20 Deck (115):
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Adenohypophysis

The anterior love of the pituitary gland

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Adenohypophysis

The anterior love of the pituitary gland

1

Two glands sitting on top of each kidney

Adrenal glands

2

Catecholamines are secreted by the

Adrenal medulla

3

Name the two catecholamines secreted by the adrenal medulla

Epinephrine
Norepinephrine

3

Name the two catecholamines secreted by the adrenal medulla

Epinephrine
Norepinephrine

4

The adrenal cortex secretes

Corticosteroids

5

Name three corticosteroids secreted by the adrenal cortex

Mineralcorticoids
Glucocorticoid
Sex hormones

6

Name a mineralcorticoid

Aldosterone

7

Mineralcorticoid that stimulates reabsorption of sodium into plasma and K+ and H+ in kidney
- increases blood volume

Aldosterone

8

Catecholamines secreted by the adrenal medulla are made of

Amino acids

8

Catecholamines secreted by the adrenal medulla are made of

Amino acids

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The two Catecholamines produced in the chromatin cells released by the adrenal medulla during "fight or flight"

Norepinephrine
Epinephrine

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Another name for adrenaline

Epinephrine

11

Catecholamines released by the adrenal medulla also called adrenaline

Epinephrine

11

Catecholamines released by the adrenal medulla also called adrenaline

Epinephrine

12

Catecholamine released by the adrenal medulla that raise BP increases muscle power and causes liver to release glucose for energy

Epinephrine

13

Norepinephrine and epinephrine mimic the action of the

Sympathetic nervous system

14

Secreted by the adrenal cortex mineralcorticoids
Glucocorticoids
sex hormones all derive from

Cholesterol

14

Secreted by the adrenal cortex mineralcorticoids
Glucocorticoids
sex hormones all derive from

Cholesterol

15

Important glucocorticoid released by the adrenal cortex that have an influence on synthesizing glucose amino acids and fats

Cortisol

15

Important glucocorticoid released by the adrenal cortex that have an influence on synthesizing glucose amino acids and fats

Cortisol

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Name three functions of glucocorticoid
Cortisol

Synthesize glucose amino acids fats
Depress immune response
Decrease inflammatory response

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Name the three sex hormone corticosteroids released by the adrenal cortex

Androgens
Estrogen
Progestin

18

Clients taking glucocorticoids develop

Moon face
Buffalo hump

18

Clients taking glucocorticoids develop

Moon face
Buffalo hump

19

Specialization in tx of disorders of the endocrine system

Endocrinology

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Into the blood

Endocrine

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Onto the onto a surface

Exocrine

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Onto the onto a surface

Exocrine

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The main function of te endocrine system

Regulation of growth
Maturation
Metabolism
Reproduction

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The glands of the endocrine system

Pituitary
Thyroid
Parathyroid
Adrenal
Pineal

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Pituitary gland also called

Hypophysis

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Hormones ending in what come from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Tropic

25

Hormones ending in what come from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Tropic

26

Master controller

Hypothalamus

27

Signaling hormones that signal each other in a sequence
Ex: hypothalamus to pituitary gland
This is called

Hormonal axis

28

Corticotropin releasing hormone
CRH in the hypothalamus causes release of

ACTH
adenocorticotropic hormone

Stimulate
Adrenal glands

29

ACTH also has melanocyte stimulating properties which can increase

Skin pigmentation

30

Thyrotropin releasing hormone
TRH In the hypothalamus causes release of

Thyroid stimulating hormone
TSH

30

Thyrotropin releasing hormone
TRH In the hypothalamus causes release of

Thyroid stimulating hormone
TSH

31

TSH
Thyroid stimulating hormone stimulates

Thyroid
And prolactin production

32

GRH or GHRH in the hypothalamus causes release of

GH
Growth hormone

32

GRH or GHRH in the hypothalamus causes release of

GH
Growth hormone

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Another name for growth hormone

Somatotropin

34

GH growth hormone stimulates

Bones and cell reproduction in muscles and tissues

35

GNRH
Gonadotropin releasing hormone causes release of three stimulating hormones in the anterior pituitary

Follicle stimulating hormone FSH
Leutinizing hormone LH
Interstitial cell stimulating hormone ICSH

35

GNRH
Gonadotropin releasing hormone causes release of three stimulating hormones in the anterior pituitary

Follicle stimulating hormone FSH
Leutinizing hormone LH
Interstitial cell stimulating hormone ICSH

36

Lipotopin stimulates

Melanocytes to produce melanin

37

Most important hormone secreted by the middle love of the pituitary glands is

MSH
Skin pigmentation

38

Posterior portion of the pituitary love is called

Neurohypophysis

39

And outgrowth of the hypothalamus and is embryonic ally derived from the nervous system

Neurohypophysis
Posterior lobe

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And outgrowth of the hypothalamus and is embryonic ally derived from the nervous system

Neurohypophysis
Posterior lobe

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Which portion of the pituitary gland does not secrete hormone but stores and releases

Posterior lobe neurohypophysis

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The two hormones released by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Oxytocin and vasopressin

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The two hormones released by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland

Oxytocin and vasopressin

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Stimulates the uterus to contract during pregnancy and stimulates the release of milk from breasts

Oxytocin

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Stimulates contraction of blood vessels to raise BP
Affects the uterus and influences reabsorption of H2O by the kidney tubules

Vasopressin ADH

44

Largest of endocrine glands

Thyroid gland

45

Thyroid gland secretes two hormones

T4 thyroxine
T3 Triiodothyronine

46

T3 and T4 are made by absorption of what in blood

Idodine

47

If there is insufficient iodine in a persons blood a person can develop

Goiter

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Name a third secretion of the thyroid

Calcitonin

49

Balances by lowering calcium levels

Calcitonin

49

Balances by lowering calcium levels

Calcitonin

50

Parathyroids stimulate

Parathormone
Parathyroid hormone

51

PTH parathormone releases calcitrol which opposite of calcitonin this increases

Rate of calcium in blood

52

PTH is a negative feedback to

Calcitonin

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A person with sever calcium deficiency may experience twitching spasms and seizures

Tetany

54

The two adrenal glands are also called

Supra renal glands

54

The two adrenal glands are also called

Supra renal glands

55

How does the pancreas work as an exocrine gland

Releases digestive enzymes

56

How does the pancreas work as an endocrine gland

Internal pancreatic hormones

57

Types of hormones secreted in the islets of langhorn of the pancreas

Alpha
Beta
Delta
F

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Alpha cells stimulates

Glucagon

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Beta cells stimulate

Insulin

60

Delta cells stimulate

Somatostatin

60

Delta cells stimulate

Somatostatin

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F cells stimulate

Pancreatic peptide

62

Glucagon is needed to break down glycogen into glucose in a process called

Glycogenolysis

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Glucagon raises blood

Sugar

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Insulin lowers blood

Sugar

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Insulin lowers blood

Sugar

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Beta cells also secret amylin which after eating makes you few

Full

66

Delta cells release somatostatin which inhibits release of

Glucagon
Insulin

67

F cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide which inhibits

somatostatin
Pancreatic juices

67

F cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide which inhibits

somatostatin
Pancreatic juices

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Thymus produces thymosin which makes

T Cells

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What contributes to sleep wake cycle

Melatonin

70

Hormonal function of the placenta is to maintain

Pregnancy

71

Hat is a significant finding that a nurse should monitor when caring for a client taking glucocorticoids

Small rise in temp

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What FPG results indicates a client has diabetes

Anything over 126

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What FPG results indicates a client has diabetes

Anything over 126

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Polyphagia

Excessive eating

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Polydipsia

Excessive thirst

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Polydipsia

Excessive thirst

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Polyuria

Excessive urine

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Follicle stimulating hormone both in females and males is responsible for production of

Eggs and sperm

77

Erythropoietin is produced by the

Kidneys

78

Other sites that secrete hormones

GI tract
Liver
Placenta and uterus
Heart

79

Hormone produced in heart that maintains fluid homeostasis and regulate BP

ANP

80

Leukotrienes are involved in

Inflammatory
Asthma attacks

81

Causes hormones to cease

Negative feedback

82

Over secretion of GH growth hormone leads to

Acromegaly

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Over secretion of GH growth hormone leads to

Acromegaly

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A word ending for a hormone that controls another gland

Tropin

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A hormone involved in water balance

ADH

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A hormone from the adrenal cortex produced in time of stress

Cortisol and aldosterone

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A disease resulting from user activity of adrenal cortex

Addison's disease

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Another name for goiter

Graves' disease

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Another name for goiter

Graves' disease

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A disease that results In lack of insulin

Diabetes mellitus

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An endocrine gland active in immunity is

Thymus

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A hormone produced by the pineal body

Melatonin

91

An adult deficiency In thyroxine leads to

Myxedema