A&P Chapter 5: Cell Structure Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A&P Chapter 5: Cell Structure Vocabulary Deck (43):
1

Aster

(AS-ter)

"aster" meaning star

2

Centriole

(SEN-tree-ohl)

"centr-" meaning center;
"-ole" meaning small

3

Centrosome

(SEN-troh-sohm)

"centr-" meaning center;
"-som" meaning body

4

Chromatin

(KROH-mah-tin)

"chrom-" meaning color;
"-in" meaning substance

5

Chromosome

(KROH-meh-sohm)

"chrom-" meaning color;
"-som" meaning body

6

Chromosome Territory (CT)

(KROH-meh-sohm TAIR-it-or-ee)

"chrom-" meaning color;
"-som-" meaning body;
"terri-" meaning land;
"-ory" meaning place

7

Cilium

(SIL-ee-um)

"cili-" meaning eyelid;
"-um" meaning thing (eyelash)

BONUS!
The plural form of "cilium" is called "cilia"

8

Composite Cell

(kahm-PAH-zit sell)

"composite" meaning to assemble;
"cell" meaning storeroom

9

crista

(KR-iss-TA)

"crista" meaning crest or fold

BONUS!
The plural form of "crista" is called "cristae"

10

Cytoplasm

(SYE-toh-plaz-em)

"cyto-" meaning cell;
"-plasm" meaning substance

11

Cytoskeleton

(sye-toh-SKEL-e-ton)

"cyto-" meaning cell;
"-skeleto-" meaning dried body

12

Desmosome

(DES-mo-sohm)

"desmos-" meaning band;
"-som-" meaning body

13

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

(en-doh-PLAZ-mik reh-TIK-yoo-lum)

"endo-" meaning inward or within;
"-plasm-" meaning substance;
"-ic" meaning relating to;
"ret-" meaning net;
"-ic-" meaning relating to;
"-ul-" meaning little
"-um" meaning thing

BONUS!
The plural form of "endoplasmic reticulum" is called "endoplasmic reticula"

14

Flagellum

(flah-JEL-um)

"flagellum" meaning whip

BONUS!
The plural form of "flagellum" is called "flagella"

15

Fluid Mosaic Model

(FLOO-id mo-ZAY-ik MAHD-el)

Define here, Jeff!

16

Gap Junction

(gap JUNK-shen)

Define here too, Jeff!

17

Golgi Apparatus

(GOL-jee ap-ah-RA-tus)

Named after Camillo Golgi, Italian histologist

18

Hydrophilic

(hye-dro-FIL-ik)

"hydro-" meaning water;
"-phil-" meaning love;
"-ic" meaning relating to

19

Hydrophobic

(hye-droh-FOH-bik)

"hydro-" meaning water;
"-phob-" meaning fear;
"-ic" meaning relating to

20

Integral Membrane Protein (IMP)

(IN-te-grel MEM-brayn PROH-teen)

"integr-" meaning whole;
"-al" meaning relating to;
"membran-" meaning thin skin;
"prote-" primary;
"-in" meaning substance

21

Intermediate Filament

(in-ter-MEE-dee-it FIL-ah-ment)

"inter-" meaning between;
"-mediate" meaning divide;
"fila-" meaning threadlike;
"–ment" meaning process

22

Lysosome

(LYE-so-sohm)

"lyso-" meaning loosen;
"-som-" meaning body

23

Microfilament

(my-kroh-FIL-ah-ment)

"micro" meaning small;
"-fila-" meaning threadlike;
"-ment" meaning thing

24

Microscopy

(my-KRAH-skah-pee)

"micro-" meaning small;
"-scop-" meaning see;
"-y" meaning activity

25

Microtubule

(my-kroh-TOOB-yool)

"micro-" meaning small;
"-tubule" meaning little tube

26

Microvillus

(my-kroh-VIL-us)

"micro-" meaning small;
"-villus" meaning shaggy hair

BONUS!
The plural form of "microvillus" is called "microvilli"

27

Mitochondrion

(my-toh-KON-dree-on)

"mito-" meaning thread;
"-chondrion-" meaning granule

BONUS!
The plural form of "mitochondrion" is called "mitochondria"

28

Molecular Motor

(mo-LEK-yoo-lar MO-ter)

"mole-" meaning mass;
"-cul-" meaning small;
"-ar" meaning relating to;
"mot-" meaning move;
"-or" meaning agent

29

Nucleolus

(noo-KLEE-oh-lus)

"nucleo-" meaning nucleus (kernel);
"-olus" meaning little

BONUS!
The plural form of "nucleolus" is called "nucleoli"

30

Nucleus

(NOO-klee-us)

"nucleus" meaning kernel

BONUS!
The plural form of "nucleus" is called "nuclei"

31

Organelle

(org-an-EL)

"organ-" meaning tool or organ;
"-elle" meaning small

32

Peroxisome

(pe-ROKS-ih-sohm)

"peroxi-" meaning hydrogen peroxide;
"-soma" meaning body

33

Plasma Membrane

(PLAZ-mah MEM-brayne)

"plasma" meaning substance;
"membran-" meaning thin skin

34

Proteasome

(PROH-tee-ah-sohm)

"protea-" meaning protein;
"-som-" meaning body

35

Raft Receptor

(r-AFT ree-SEP-tor)

"recept-" meaning receive;
"-or" meaning agent

36

Ribosome

(RYE-boh-sohm)

"ribo-" meaning ribose or RNA;
"-som-" meaning body

37

Signal Transduction

(SIG-nal tranz-DUK-shen)

"trans-" meaning across;
"-duc-" meaning transfer;
"-tion" meaning process

38

tight junction
   (tite JUNK-shen)

DEFINE

39

Vesicle

(VES-i-kul)

"vesic-" blister;
"-cle" meaning little

40

Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

(AHLZ-hye-mer)

Alois Alzheimer German neurologist

41

Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

(dye-ah-BEE-teez mell-EYE-tus)

"diabetes" meaning pass-through or siphon;
"mellitus" meaning honey-sweet

42

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)

(doo-SHEN MUSS-kyoo-lar DISS-troh-fee)

Duchenne Guillaume B.A. Duchenne de Boulogne; French neurologist
"muscul-" meaning little mouse (muscle);
"-ar" meaning relating to;
"dys-" meaning bad;
"-troph-" meaning nourishment;
"-y" meaning state

43

Parkinson Disease (PD)

(PAR-kin-son)

James Parkinson English physician