A&P quiz 3 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology Lab > A&P quiz 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in A&P quiz 3 Deck (52):
1

the most superior bone of the vertebral column is the ____

atlas

2

the vertebral column possesses ____

four curvatures

3

humans have ____ pairs of true ribs

seven

4

the ___ ribs do not have costal cartilage attachments to the sternum

floating

5

human possess ___ cervical vertebrae

seven

6

the superior end of the sacrum articulates with the

fifth lumbar vertebra

7

the anterior end of a rib articulates with a thoracic vertebra? t/f

false

8

all cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebra possess a vertebral foramen? t/f

true

9

A feature of the second cervical vertebra is the dens? t/f

true

10

the vertebral column encloses and protects the ____

spinal cord

11

the vertebral column extends from the skill to the ____-

pelvis

12

the seventh cervical vertebra is called the ____ and has an obvious spinous process surface feature that can be palpated

vertebra prominens

13

the ___ of the vertebrae support the weight of the head and trunk

cervical curvature

14

the _____ separate adjacent vertebrae and they soften the forces created by walking

intervertebral discs

15

the intervertebral foramina provided passageways fr

spinal nerves

16

when the head is moved from side to side, the first vertebra pivots around the ___ of the second vertebra

dens

17

the ____ vertebrae have the largest and strongest bodies

lumbar

18

the typical number of vertebrae that fuse in the adult to form the sacrum is ____

5

19

the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process form a bone called the ___

sternum

20

the last two pairs of ribs that have no cartilaginous attachments to the sternum are sometimes called ___f ribs

floating

21

there are ___ pairs of true ribs

7

22

costal cartilages are composed of ____ tissue

connective

23

the manubrium articulates with the ____ on its superior border

jugular

24

the clavicle and the scapula form the

pectoral girdle

25

anatomically, arm represents

shoulder to elbow

26

which of the following is not part of the scapula?

manubrium

27

which of the following is the most distal feature of the humerus?

capitulum

28

the clavicle articulates with the sternum and the humerus... t/f

false

29

the two hip bones articulate anteriorly at the

pubic symphysis

30

anatomically, leg refers to

knee to ankle

31

the ___ is the largest portion of the hip bone

ilium

32

the ____ is the lateral bone in the leg

fibula

33

the ilium, ischium, and pubis are separate bones in a young child... t/f

true

34

ischial spines, ischial tuberosities, and iliac crests are closer together in the pelvis of a female than in the pelvis of a male... t/f

false

35

each digit of a foot has three phalanges... t/f

true

36

the pelvic girdle consists of two ____

iliac fossal

37

the head of the femur articulates with the ____ of the hip bone

acetebelu

38

the ___ is the largest portion of the hip bone

ilium

39

the pubic bones come together anteriorly to form a cartilaginous joint called the ____

pubic symphysis

40

when a person sits, the ____ of the ischium supports the weight of the bosy

ischial tuberosity

41

the angle formed by the pubic bones below the pubic symphysis is called the ___

pubic arch

42

the ___ is the largest foramen in the skeleton

obturator

43

the ilium joins the sacrum at the ___ joint

sacrolliac

44

the last fontanel to close is the

anterior

45

fontanels function for

- compression of the cranium during vaginal delivery
-additional cranial skull growth after birth
-additional brain development after birth

46

fibrous joints are the structural types containing

dense fibrous connective tissue

47

which synovial joint allows movements in all planes?

ball-and-socket

48

synarthosis pertains to functional joints that are

freely moveable

49

movement away from the midline is called

abduction

50

if the knee joint is hit hard at the lateral side, what kind of knee injury will result?

meniscus

51

what is the function of knee menisci

absorb shock and stabilize knee joint

52

what is the function of the cruciate ligaments?

acl- helps prevent hyper extensions
pcl- helps prevent excessive extension