Flashcards in A History chapter 1 Deck (18):
land bridge between Siberia and Alaska that was exposed by the Wisconsin glaciation, allowing people to migrate into the Western Hemisphere
Archaeologists term for the first migrants into North America. Descendants spread across the Americas between 15,000 BP and 13,500 BP. Known for using Clovis Point. Hunted large game until they killed them faster than the bison could reproduce
Distinctively shaped spearhead used by Plaleo-Indians and named for the place in New Mexico where they were first excavated
descended from the Americas from 10,000 BP to between 4000-3000 BP
Multiunit dwellings, storage spaces, and ceremonial centers
the largest residential and ceremonial site, containing containing 600 rooms and 35 kivas, in cultural center in present-day New Mexico
Earthen mounds constructed by ancient American peoples. used by bury important leaders and to enact major ceremonies
largest ceremonial cite in ancient North America located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi river.
An empire that stretched from coast to coast cross central Mexico and encompassed 25 million people.
The goods the Mexica collected from conquered peoples, from basic food products to candidates for human sacrifice.
Great Plains Bison Hunters
Hunted with Folsom points, we're constantly on the move
Great Basin Cultures
Lived in between Rockies and Nevada. Endured lots of rain and nuts and plants were staple food for them
Pacific Coast Cultures
Heavily populated because of California's environment.
Eastern Woodland Cultures
Deer became very important prey. Added Agriculture and Pottery to a part of hunter gatherer lifestyle (Mississippian mound builders, Southwest pueblo peoples, Southeast Tribes, plains tribes)
Mississippian Mound Builders
advanced native American people
Southwest pueblo peoples
Irrigated crops for staple food supply. Built Pueblo's and Cliff Dwellings (homes)
Southeast Tribes, Iroquois
Village Life settled and women had all the land and power