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Flashcards in A History chapter 1 Deck (18):
1

Beringia

land bridge between Siberia and Alaska that was exposed by the Wisconsin glaciation, allowing people to migrate into the Western Hemisphere

2

Paleo-Indians.

Archaeologists term for the first migrants into North America. Descendants spread across the Americas between 15,000 BP and 13,500 BP. Known for using Clovis Point. Hunted large game until they killed them faster than the bison could reproduce

3

Clovis Point

Distinctively shaped spearhead used by Plaleo-Indians and named for the place in New Mexico where they were first excavated

4

Archaic Indians

descended from the Americas from 10,000 BP to between 4000-3000 BP

5

pueblos

Multiunit dwellings, storage spaces, and ceremonial centers

6

Pueblo Bonito

the largest residential and ceremonial site, containing containing 600 rooms and 35 kivas, in cultural center in present-day New Mexico

7

burial mounds

Earthen mounds constructed by ancient American peoples. used by bury important leaders and to enact major ceremonies

8

Cahokia

largest ceremonial cite in ancient North America located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi river.

9

Mexica

An empire that stretched from coast to coast cross central Mexico and encompassed 25 million people.

10

tribute

The goods the Mexica collected from conquered peoples, from basic food products to candidates for human sacrifice.

11

Great Plains Bison Hunters

Hunted with Folsom points, we're constantly on the move

12

Great Basin Cultures

Lived in between Rockies and Nevada. Endured lots of rain and nuts and plants were staple food for them

13

Pacific Coast Cultures

Heavily populated because of California's environment.

14

Eastern Woodland Cultures

Deer became very important prey. Added Agriculture and Pottery to a part of hunter gatherer lifestyle (Mississippian mound builders, Southwest pueblo peoples, Southeast Tribes, plains tribes)

15

Mississippian Mound Builders

advanced native American people

16

Southwest pueblo peoples

Irrigated crops for staple food supply. Built Pueblo's and Cliff Dwellings (homes)

17

Southeast Tribes, Iroquois

Village Life settled and women had all the land and power

18

The Mexica: A Mesoamerican culture

Society based on war and tribute, wealth created advanced society, wealth led to Spanish conquest.