Flashcards in A2 FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY - PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF OFFENDING; EYSENCK'S THEORY OF CRIMINAL PERSONALITY Deck (6):
Describe Eysenck's theory of criminal personality
Said there are 3 parts to criminal personality; extarversion (E-score), neuroticism (N-score) and psychoticism (which was added after the other two) (P-score). Said that all personality types, including these 3 criminal ones, are bio based and come from the nervous system, i.e. all criminal beh is bio and innate.
Describe the 3 criminal personality traits
Extraversion (opposite is introversion) is linked to being active, assertive, creative, carefree, dominant, lively, sensation seeking and venturesome
Neuroticism (opposite is stability) is linked to being anxious, depressed, emotional, feelings of guilt, irrational, low self esteem, moody, shy and tense
Psychoticism is linked to being cold, aggressive, anti-social, egocentric, impulsive, tough-minded and a lack of empathy
Explain why each of the personality traits leads to criminal beh.
Extraverts seek more arousal and so often engage in criminal activity to do so. They're difficult to condition, i.e. don't learn rules very easily and punishment tends to fail.
Neurotic people are very quick to overreact, especially when they feel threatened.
Psychotic people tend to be aggressive (which could link to testosterone and explain why more men offend than women.
So those with a high ENP score are more likely to engage in criminal beh
Describe what Eysenck said about socialisation
Said criminal beh is developmentally immature and that criminals don't respond appropriately to the socialisation process i.e. they don't learn how to delay gratification over time. Those with a high ENP score don't learn how to appropriately respond to anti-social impulses, which links to criminal beh.
How is Eysenck's criminal personality measured?
Eysenck's Personality Inventory (EPI) was dev.ed to measure personality and determine whether someone was likely to become a criminal or not. There are 3 dimensions; one for each of the ENP traits. It works on the basis that personality can definitely be measured.