A3 - Self Efficacy Theory Flashcards Preview

BTEC Unit 3 Health Psychology (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3) > A3 - Self Efficacy Theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in A3 - Self Efficacy Theory Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

What is self-efficacy?

A

Belief in one’s ability to perform a task successfully.

2
Q

What can self-efficacy influence?

A

Self-efficacy can influence our belief in how successful we think we will be.

3
Q

What does high self efficacy lead to?

A

A stronger belief that you will complete a task, more motivation.

4
Q

What does low self-efficacy lead to?

A

Avoiding tasks that you believe you cannot do, you will fail.

5
Q

What are the four influences over self-efficacy?

A

Vicarious reinforcement
Social Persuasion
Emotional States
Mastery experiences

6
Q

What is mastery experience?

A

Experience of performing a task successfully, becoming more confident as we have more practice.

7
Q

What is vicarious reinforcement?

A

Observing a role model performing a task, if successful you will be hopeful doing it.

8
Q

What is social persuasion?

A

Encouragement from others, which could be negative or positive, has an impact on our self-efficacy.

9
Q

What is an emotional state?

A

Self-efficacy is influenced by the person’s emotional state, which can reduce or increase self-efficacy.

10
Q

Strength of the self-efficacy model?

A

The theory has supporting research for understanding addictive behaviours.

11
Q

Weakness for self-efficacy model?

A

It is difficult to measure and define the concept of self-efficacy.