ABA Continued Flashcards Preview

ABA Terms > ABA Continued > Flashcards

Flashcards in ABA Continued Deck (27):
1

What are examples of direct measurement techniques?

Event Recording
Duration
Interval Recording
Time-sampling recording

2

What is event recording?

Behavior is observed continuously and documented as it occurs

*think.. does behavior look same each time?
does behavior have beginning or end?

3

When is it best to use frequency recording?

Behaviors that have a clear beginning and end
Example (raising hand)
Bad example (tantrums)

4

How do you measure rate?

Frequency divided by time

5

What is duration and Latency Recording

How long a behavior occurs

6

How long behaviors last from beginning to end

Total duration

7

How long the time is between the SD and response

Latency

8

Checking off an interval if the behavior occurs at any point within the interval
Could overestimate behavior occurrence

Partial Interval recording

9

observing if a behavior occurs during the whole interval
it underestimates behaviors

this could be used for wanting to increase a behavior such as participation in a game

Whole interval Recording

10

Momentary time sampling is...

Only observe some intervals and record if the behavior occurs during that moment

11

In graphing, the x axis is used to label...

unit of time

12

In graphing, the y axis is used to label...

dependent measure

13

What is a phase line?

change in conditions
*Baseline to treatment

14

What are the functions of behavior?

Attention
Gain item/activity
self-stimulation
avoid task or aversive situation

15

What are examples of behavior intervention strategies?

Antecedent Interventions
Replacement Behaviors
Consequence Interventions

16

Consequence Interventions are...

focus on modifying the environment and contingencies that occur after the behavior to increase or decrease behaviors

17

withholding reinforcement from a previously reinforced behavior is...

extinction

18

Not allowing escape from an activity and reinforcing that behavior, the escape behavior will eventually decrease

escape extinction

19

Reduced when desired item/activity is not given

Tangible extinction

20

behavior is maintained by social attention you will need to use what type of extinction

social extinction

21

when you are masking or removing automatic reinforcement this is an example of

sensory extinction

22

Soon after the use of extinction a behavior may first increase and get worse. This is called...

extinction burst

23

When there is a reappearance of a behavior that had previously been diminished, this is called...

Spontaneous Recovery

24

When one behavior is reinforced and strengthened while the other is being decreased, this is called

differential reinforcement

25

Reinforcing an appropriate alternative to the problem behavior and extinguishing the problem behavior through extinction is known as...

Differential reinforcement of alternative behaviors
DRA

26

Behavior that is functionally equivalent to problem behavior and reinforces an incompatible behavior to problem bxs is known as...

Differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors
DRI

27

Reinforcing the absence of the problem behavior for a specific amount of time

Differential reinforcement of other behaviors
DRO