Flashcards in ABA Continued Deck (27):
What are examples of direct measurement techniques?
What is event recording?
Behavior is observed continuously and documented as it occurs
*think.. does behavior look same each time?
does behavior have beginning or end?
When is it best to use frequency recording?
Behaviors that have a clear beginning and end
Example (raising hand)
Bad example (tantrums)
How do you measure rate?
Frequency divided by time
What is duration and Latency Recording
How long a behavior occurs
How long behaviors last from beginning to end
How long the time is between the SD and response
Checking off an interval if the behavior occurs at any point within the interval
Could overestimate behavior occurrence
Partial Interval recording
observing if a behavior occurs during the whole interval
it underestimates behaviors
this could be used for wanting to increase a behavior such as participation in a game
Whole interval Recording
Momentary time sampling is...
Only observe some intervals and record if the behavior occurs during that moment
In graphing, the x axis is used to label...
unit of time
In graphing, the y axis is used to label...
What is a phase line?
change in conditions
*Baseline to treatment
What are the functions of behavior?
avoid task or aversive situation
What are examples of behavior intervention strategies?
Consequence Interventions are...
focus on modifying the environment and contingencies that occur after the behavior to increase or decrease behaviors
withholding reinforcement from a previously reinforced behavior is...
Not allowing escape from an activity and reinforcing that behavior, the escape behavior will eventually decrease
Reduced when desired item/activity is not given
behavior is maintained by social attention you will need to use what type of extinction
when you are masking or removing automatic reinforcement this is an example of
Soon after the use of extinction a behavior may first increase and get worse. This is called...
When there is a reappearance of a behavior that had previously been diminished, this is called...
When one behavior is reinforced and strengthened while the other is being decreased, this is called
Reinforcing an appropriate alternative to the problem behavior and extinguishing the problem behavior through extinction is known as...
Differential reinforcement of alternative behaviors
Behavior that is functionally equivalent to problem behavior and reinforces an incompatible behavior to problem bxs is known as...
Differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors