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Flashcards in Abbreviations Deck (221):
1

A & O

Alert and oriented

2

a.c.

Before meals

3

a.d.

Right ear

4

a.s.

Left ear

5

a.u.

Each ear

6

ABG

Arterial blood gas

7

ACE

Angiotensin converting enzyme

8

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone, corticotropin

9

ad lib

As tolerated

10

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

11

ADL

Activities of daily living

12

Afib

Atrial fibrillation

13

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

14

ALT

Alanine aminotransferase (formerly SGPT)

15

APAP

Acetaminophen

16

ASHD

Atherosclerotic heart disease

17

ASPVD

Atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease

18

AST

Aspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT)

19

AV

Atrioventricular

20

b.i.d.

Twice a day

21

BMI

Body mass index

22

BP

Blood pressure

23

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

24

bpm

Beats per minute

25

BSA

Body surface area

26

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

27

C & S

Culture and sensitivity

28

Bx

Biopsy

29

C/O

Complains of

30

CA

Cancer, carcinoma

31

Ca

Calcium

32

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

33

CAD

Coronary artery disease

34

CATH

Catheter, catheterization

35

CBC

Complete blood count

36

CC

Chief complaint

37

CCE

Clubbing, cyanosis, and edema

38

CHEM

Serum chemistry (as in laboratory orders)

39

CHF

Congestive heart failure

40

Cl

Chloride, chlorine

41

CNS

Central nervous system

42

CO

Carbon monoxide, cardiac output

43

CO2

Carbon dioxide

44

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

45

CPK

Creatine phosphokinase

46

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

47

CT

Computed tomography (scan)

48

CTA

Clear to auscultation

49

CV

Cardiovascular

50

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

51

CXR

Chest X-Ray

52

DIFF, diff

Differential blood count

53

DM

Diabetes mellitus

54

DOE

Dyspnea on exertion

55

DW

Dextrose in water

56

DX, Dx, dx

Diagnosis

57

ECG, EKG

Electrocardiogram

58

EGD

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

59

ENT

Ear, nose, throat

60

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

61

FH

Family history

62

FSBS

Finger stick blood sugar

63

FUO

Fever of unknown origin

64

FUP

Follow-up

65

G, g, gm

Gram

66

GERD

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

67

GFR

Glomerular filtration rate

68

GI

Gastrointestinal

69

gr

Grain

70

GTT

Drops

71

GU

Genitourinary

72

GYN, gyn

Gynecology

73

H/O, h/o

History of

74

HA

Headache

75

Hb, Hgb

Hemoglobin

76

HbA1c

Glycosylated hemoglobin/Hemoglobin A1c

77

HCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin

78

HCO3

Bicarbonate

79

HCT

Hematocrit

80

HDL

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

81

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Human Immunodeficiency Virus

82

HLA

Human leukocyte antigen

83

HPI

History of present illness

84

HR

Heart rate

85

HRT

Hormone replacement Hormone replacement therapy

86

HS, h.s.

bedtime

87

HSM

Hepatosplenomegaly

88

Hx

History

89

I&O, I/O

Intake (input) and output

90

I.M., IM

Intramuscular

91

I.V., IV

Intravenous

92

ICS

Intercostal space

93

ID

Intradermal

94

IMP

Impression

95

INR

International Normalized Ratio

96

IPPB

Intermittent positive-pressure breathing

97

IU

International unit

98

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

99

IVPB

Intravenous piggyback

100

JVD

Jugular venous distension

101

K

Potassium

102

kcal

Kilocalorie

103

Kg

Kilogram

104

KUB

Kidneys, ureters, and Kidneys, ureters, and bladder

105

KVO

Keep vein open (hourly rate of IV fluid
administration)

106

L

Liter

107

LAD

Left anterior descending (coronary artery)

108

LDH

Lactate dehydrogenase

109

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

110

LFT

Liver function test

111

LUQ

Left upper quadrant

112

LV

Left ventricle

113

M.R.

May repeat

114

mcg

Microgram

115

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume

116

MDI

Metered dose inhaler

117

mEq

Millequivalent

118

Mg

Magnesium

119

mg

Milligram

120

MI

Myocardial infarction

121

ml

Milliliter

122

mm

Millimeter

123

mM

Millimole

124

mmHg

Millimeters of Mercury

125

mOsm

Milliosmole

126

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

127

MS

Multiple sclerosis, morphine sulfate

128

MW

Molecular weight

129

N.R.

Do not repeat, no repeats

130

N/V/D

Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea

131

Na

Sodium

132

NABS

Normoactive bowel sounds

133

NaCl

Sodium chloride

134

NG Tube

Nasogastric Tube

135

NKA

No known allergies

136

NKDA

No known drug allergies

137

NMT

Not more than

138

NPO

Nothing by mouth

139

NS

Normal saline

140

NTG

Nitroglycerin

141

o.d.

Right eye

142

o.l., o.s.

Left eye

143

o.u.

Both eyes

144

OTC

Over the counter

145

P

Phosphorus, pulse

146

p.c.

After meals

147

P.O., po

By mouth

148

p.r.n.

As needed, when necessary

149

PE

Physical exam, pulmonary embolism

150

PERRLA

Pupils equal, round, reactive to light and
accommodation

151

pH

Hydrogen ion concentration

152

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

153

PMH

Past medical history

154

PND

Paroxysmal nocturnal Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

155

PPD

Purified protein derivative (tuberculin), Packs
per day (cigarettes)

156

PT

Physical therapy

157

PT, Pro Time

Prothrombin time

158

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

159

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

160

PTT

Partial thromboplastin time (also aPTT)

161

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease

162

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

163

Q, q.

Every

164

q.d.

Every day

165

q.i.d.

Four times a day

166

q.o.d.

Every other day

167

q.s., qs.

A quantity sufficient

168

R

Respirations

169

R/O

Rule out

170

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

171

RBC

Red blood cell

172

RCA

Right coronary artery

173

RLQ

Right lower quadrant

174

ROM

Range of motion (of joint)

175

ROS

Review of systems

176

RRR

Regular rate and rhythm (heart)

177

RUQ

Right upper quadrant

178

Rx

Prescription symbol

179

S&S, s/sx

Signs and symptoms

180

S.C., SQ,
subq

Subcutaneous

181

S/P

Status post (occurrence)

182

SaO2

Systemic arterial oxygen saturation (%)

183

SG

Specific gravity

184

SGOT

Serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (see
AST)

185

SGPT

Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (see ALT)

186

SH

Social history, surgical history

187

SIADH

Syndrome of inappropriate ADH

188

Sig.

Write on label (patient instructions)

189

SL

Sublingual

190

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

191

SOAP

Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan

192

SOB

Short of breath

193

stat

Immediately

194

STD

Sexually transmitted disease

195

Sx, sx

Symptoms

196

T

Thoracic, followed by number of thoracic
vertebra (T-2)

197

t.a.t.

Until all taken

198

t.i.d.

Three times a day

199

t.i.w.

Three times a week

200

Tabs

Tablets

201

TB

Tuberculosis

202

TIA

Transient ischemic attack

203

TIBC

Total iron-binding capacity

204

TKO

To keep open (hourly rate of IV fluids to keep
vein open)

205

TPA

Tissue plasminogen activator

206

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

207

TPR

Total peripheral resistance

208

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone

209

TX, Tx

Treatment, therapy

210

UA

Urinalysis

211

URI

Upper respiratory infection

212

UTI

Urinary tract infection

213

Vfib

Ventricular fibrillation

214

VS

Vital signs

215

VT, Vtach

Ventricular tachycardia

216

w.a.

While awake

217

W/U

Work up

218

WBC

White blood cell

219

WDWN

Well developed, well nourished

220

WNL

Within normal limits

221

y/o, yo

Year old