Abbreviations-Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Abbreviations-Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abbreviations-Chapter 10 Deck (50):
1

cardi/o
card/o

heart

2

arteri/o

arteries

3

ven/o
phleb/o

veins

4

hem/o
hemat/o

blood

5

aort/o

aorta- main trunk of artery system

6

plasm/o

plasma-liquid portion of blood

7

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

8

lymph/o

lymph- lymph nodes, lympth gland

9

lymphaden/o

lymph gland

10

splen/o

spleen- stores blood and destroys worn out red blood cells

11

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

12

coron/o

coronary or head/crown- pertaining to the heart vessels

13

ischemic or ischemia

deficiency of blood flow

14

myocardial infarction

heart attack

15

infarct

area of necrosis caused by lack of blood flow

16

dysrhythmia

an irregular heartbeat

17

bradycardia

an abnormally slow heartbeat

18

palpitation

pounding or racing heartbeat

19

palpation

to use finger to feel for size, texture, consistency (to assess)

20

sphymomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

21

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

22

angi/o

blood vessels

23

thrombosis

thromb/o-clot
osis-abnormal condition
thrombus (singular form, blood clot in blood vessel)

24

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

25

aneurysm

localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery
often fatal if ruptures due to rapid loss of blood

26

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins
usually occur in legs

27

erythrocytopenia (amenia)

erythr/o-red
cyt/o-cell
penia-deficiency of

28

hematocytopenia

abnormal deficiency (reduction) of blood cells

29

febrile (pyrosis)

to have a fever

30

thermia

heat

31

hyperthermia

body tempurature above normal

32

hypothermia

body temperature below normal

33

antibiotic

drug that treats bacterial infections

34

vaccine

inactivated microorganisms administered by injection, mouth, or nasal spray to prevent infectious diseases

35

BP

blood pressure

36

hypertension

higher than normal BP

37

EKG or ECG

electrocardiogram
elect/o- electricity

38

ECHO

echocardiogram

39

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

40

HR

heart rate

41

P

pulse, 60-100 bpm

42

Rh

blood type

43

RR

respiration rate

44

T

tempurature

45

VS

vital signs

46

Hct

hematocrit

47

Hgb

hemoglobin

48

CHF

congestive heart failure

49

BMT

bone marrow transplant

50

CBC

complete blood count