Abbreviations- Chapter 12 & 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations- Chapter 12 & 13 Deck (54):
1

ad lib

as desired

2

ADL

activities of daily living

3

BR

bed rest

4

BRP

bathroom priveledges

5

W/C, WC

wheel chair

6

PDR

physicians desk reference

7

AMA

american medical association

8

CDC

center for disease control

9

ENT

ears,nose, throat

10

Kg

kilogram

11

L

liter

12

lb, #

pound

13

ml, mL

milliliter

14

OTC

over the counter

15

oz

ounce

16

DTaP

diphtheria-tetanus -acellular pertussis
Diphtheria-a disease cause by a toxin. makes a thick coating in back of nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow
tetanus- causes painful tightening on the muscles. can result in death.
acellular- vaccine that contains inactivated cells.
pertussis- contagious respiratory disease, violent coughing. Hard to breathe.

17

HepA

hepatitis A vaccine
hepatitis A- liver disease caused by the hepatitis virus.

18

HepB

hepatitis B vaccine - a liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus.

19

Hib

Haemophilus influenza B vaccine
Haemophilus- a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than five.

20

IPV

polio vaccine
polio- a contagious viral illness. Severe case, paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death. May affect spinal cord.

21

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)
measles- begins with a fever for a few days, followed by a cough, runny nose and pink eye. a rash on face and neck, spreads down the body. Rash then fades.
Mumps- painful swelling of the salivary glands. Starts with a fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and lost of appetite. After that is when the salivary glands under the ears or jaw become swollen. Lasts 7-10 days.
Rubella- "three day measles" red rash, affects skin and lymph nodes.

22

Tdap

tetanus-diphtheria- acellular pertussis

23

VAR

varicella (chicken pox)- can be spread from person to person. Can lead to severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, brain damage or death.

24

opt/o
optic/o
ocul/o
ophthalm/o

eyes or vision

25

corne/o
kerat/o

cornea- transparent outer layer of eye, maintains shape and protects the inner portion

26

cor/o
pupill/o

black circular portion of eyes, permits light to enter the eye

27

ir/o

iris- colored portion of the eye, surrounds the pupil

28

retin/o

retina-converts images into electrical impulses, transmits images to the brain

29

blephar/o

eyelid-protects the eye

30

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva- mucous membrane lining of the eyelid and sclera
conjunctivitis - pink eye

31

scler/o

sclera- white of the eye

32

dacry/o

tear, tear duct

33

cataract

lens of eye is clouding, foggy

34

glacoma

the loss off peripheral vision
"tunnel vision"

35

strabismus

crossing of the eyes
"lazy eye"

36

astigmatism

unequal curvature of the cornea
causes eye to not focus properly

37

hyperopia

farsightedness, things far away are clear, but up close is blurry

38

myopia

nearsightedness- can see things close, but not far

39

dipl/o

diplopia- two, double, double vision

40

monochromatism

condition of seeing in one color. Colorblindness.

41

nyctalopia

"night blindness"

42

cryoretinopexy

cry/o-cold
pexy-surgical fixation
freezing the retina

43

photophobia

phot/o-light
phobia- fear
abnormal fear of or sensitivity to light

44

ophthalmoplegia

ophthalm/o-eye
plegia-paralysis
paralysis of the eye

45

conjunctivitis

conjunctiv/o- conjunctiva
itis-inflammation
pink eye

46

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accomidation

47

aur/o
aur/i
ot/o

ears

48

acous/o
audi/o

hearing

49

tympanic membrane

tympan/o-eardrum
transmits sound vibrations

50

cochlea

cochle/o
snail shaped portion that contains organ of hearing

51

otitis media

inflammation of the ear, ear infection

52

vertigo

dizziness,whirling loss of balance

53

tinnitus

ringing, buzzing in ear

54

presbycusis

progressive hearing loss as we age