Flashcards in Abbreviations- Chapter 12 & 13 Deck (54):
activities of daily living
physicians desk reference
american medical association
center for disease control
over the counter
diphtheria-tetanus -acellular pertussis
Diphtheria-a disease cause by a toxin. makes a thick coating in back of nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow
tetanus- causes painful tightening on the muscles. can result in death.
acellular- vaccine that contains inactivated cells.
pertussis- contagious respiratory disease, violent coughing. Hard to breathe.
hepatitis A vaccine
hepatitis A- liver disease caused by the hepatitis virus.
hepatitis B vaccine - a liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus.
Haemophilus influenza B vaccine
Haemophilus- a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than five.
polio- a contagious viral illness. Severe case, paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death. May affect spinal cord.
measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)
measles- begins with a fever for a few days, followed by a cough, runny nose and pink eye. a rash on face and neck, spreads down the body. Rash then fades.
Mumps- painful swelling of the salivary glands. Starts with a fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and lost of appetite. After that is when the salivary glands under the ears or jaw become swollen. Lasts 7-10 days.
Rubella- "three day measles" red rash, affects skin and lymph nodes.
tetanus-diphtheria- acellular pertussis
varicella (chicken pox)- can be spread from person to person. Can lead to severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, brain damage or death.
eyes or vision
cornea- transparent outer layer of eye, maintains shape and protects the inner portion
black circular portion of eyes, permits light to enter the eye
iris- colored portion of the eye, surrounds the pupil
retina-converts images into electrical impulses, transmits images to the brain
eyelid-protects the eye
conjunctiva- mucous membrane lining of the eyelid and sclera
conjunctivitis - pink eye
sclera- white of the eye
tear, tear duct
lens of eye is clouding, foggy
the loss off peripheral vision
crossing of the eyes
unequal curvature of the cornea
causes eye to not focus properly
farsightedness, things far away are clear, but up close is blurry
nearsightedness- can see things close, but not far
diplopia- two, double, double vision
condition of seeing in one color. Colorblindness.
freezing the retina
abnormal fear of or sensitivity to light
paralysis of the eye
pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accomidation
transmits sound vibrations
snail shaped portion that contains organ of hearing
inflammation of the ear, ear infection
dizziness,whirling loss of balance
ringing, buzzing in ear