Abbreviations- Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations- Chapter 14 Deck (78):
1

crani/o

skull

2

vertebr/o
spondyl/o
rachi/o

spine, vertebral comlumn

3

lumb/o
lumbar

lower back area

4

cervical vertebrae

7 c-1, c-2 etc.

5

thoracic vertebra

12 t-1, t-2

6

lumbar vertebrae

5 l-1,l-2 etc.

7

clavic/o,

clavicle- collar bone

8

scapul/o

scapula- shoulder blade

9

humer/o

humerus- upper arm bone

10

stern/o

sternum- breastbone

11

phalang/o

phalanges- finger or toe bones

12

carp/o

carpals- bones of the wrist

13

tars/o

tarsals- ankle bones

14

ilium

part of the hip bone

15

femor/o

femur-upper leg bone

16

patell/o

patella- knee cap

17

fibul/o

fibula-lower leg bone

18

arthr/o

joints

19

ten/o
tend/0
tendin/o

tendon- attatches muscles to bone

20

burs/o

bursa-fibrous sac that acts like a cushion to ease joint movement

21

ligament

connects bone to bone

22

synovial fluid

acts as a lubricant within moveable joints

23

symphysis joing

sym, syn- with together
physis-to grow
bones grow together with cartilage and function as one

24

menisc/o

cartilage within a joint

25

oste/o

bone

26

myel/o

muscle

27

my/o
myos/o

muscle

28

ankylosis

loss of mobility in a joint

29

ankyl/o

stiff

30

osis

abnormal condition

31

intercostal

inter- between
pertaining to between the ribs

32

supracostal

supra- above
above the ribs

33

osteoclasis

surgical Fx bone to correct a deformity
clasis- to break

34

osteodesis

desis- fusion
surgically fuse together bone

35

lord/o

bent forward

36

kyph/o

hump humpback

37

myoasternia

muscle weakness
asthenia-weakness

38

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bones and joints

39

orthopedic surgeon

specializes in bones, joints and muscles

40

orth/o

straight

41

kinesiology

study of the movement and motion of muscles

42

kinesi/o

movement or motion

43

Fx

fracture (broken bone)

44

disl

dislocation

45

ROM

range of motion

46

OT

occupational therapy

47

PT

physical therapy

48

OA

osteoarthritis

49

Ht

height

50

Wt

weight

51

ortho

orthopedics

52

MD

muscular dystrophy

53

D.O.

doctor of osteopathy

54

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugf

55

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

56

AKA

above knee amputation

57

abduction

movement of a limb away from the midline

58

adduction

movement towards the mid line of body

59

inversion

turning inward

60

eversion

turning outward

61

extension

moving a limb from a bent to a straight position

62

flexion

bending, or being bent (limb)

63

pronation

rotating the hand/forearm so that the palm faces downwards

64

supination

rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces upward

65

rotation

process of turning on an axis

66

alignment

placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position

67

ambulate

able to walk

68

ambulatory

pertaining to walking

69

deformity/deformed

distortion of any part of the body

70

dislocate/dislocation

temporary displacement of a bone from its joint

71

immobilize/immobilization

making a part or limb so that it cannot be moved

72

orthopod

orthopedist

73

reduce/reduction

restoring a fractured bone to its normal position

74

symmetry

both sides being equal

75

traction

pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position

76

CR

closed reduction

77

CRIF

closed reduction internal fixation (fracture treatment)

78

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation (surgical fracture treatment)