Abbreviations- Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations- Chapter 4 Deck (29):
1

ax, AX

axillary -pertaining to the armpit

2

H2O

water

3

IV

intravenous intra
- within or inside
- ven/o = in
-ous = pertaining to

4

IVPB

intravenous piggy back
-used for intermittent drug administration

5

PCA

patient controlled analgesic
-allows the person in pain to manage their own pain relief

6

TKO

to keep open
-relating to IV fluid administration

7

ID

intradermal
inta- within
derm/o- skin
al-pertaining to

8

IM

intramuscular
-within the muscle

9

PR

per rectum
-pertaining to rectum

10

SL

under the tongue
-sub lingual

11

SQ, SC, subq

subcutaneous
-pertaining to below the skin

12

supp

suppository
-solid bullet shaped preparations designed for administration PR
-dissolves at body tempuratures

13

top

topical
-lotions, creams, ointments, eye drops
-applied for local action

14

MRSA

methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
-strains of bacteria that are resistant to powerful antibiotics
-sometimes called a "super bug"
-spread by contact

15

staph

staphylococcus (staf-il-o-KOK-us
-"staph infection"
-group of bacteria that causes a multitude of dieseases

16

strep

streptococcus (strep-to-KOK-us)
-spread by direct contact with nose and throat discharges of infected persons or infected skin lesions
-treated with antibiotics such as penicillin
-prevention-hand washing

17

NKA

no known allergies

18

NKDA

no known drug allergies

19

skin

derm/o
dermat/o
cutane/o

20

nails

onych/o
ungu/o

21

crypt/o

hidden

22

malacia

abnormal softening

23

phagia

eating or swallowing

24

onychocryptosis

abnormal condition of hidden nail (an ingrown nail)

25

kerat/o

hard horny tissue

26

keratosis

abnormal condition of hard horny tissue

27

necrosis

abnormal condition of tissue death

28

seb/o

oil (sebum)

29

rrhea

abnormal flow or discharge (not blood)