Abbreviations-Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations-Chapter 5 Deck (49):
1

BS

breath sounds

2

CF

cystic fibrosis

3

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

4

PE

pulmonary embolism
blockage caused by blood clots in the lungs
can be life threatning

5

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

6

TB

tuberculosis
infectious disease that attacks the lungs

7

URI

upper respiratory infection (common cold)

8

PCN

penicillin

9

CO2

carbon dioxide

10

O2

oxygen

11

RT

respiratory therapy

12

SOB

short of breath

13

DNR

do not resuscitate

14

DOA

dead on arrival

15

T&A

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

16

nose

nas/o, rhin/o

17

muc/o

mucus, substance secreted

18

throat

phayng/o
pharynx(throat)
transports air to/from nose to trachea

19

sept/o

septem, wall dividing a stucture

20

sinus/o

sinus
air filled cavity within a bone

21

tonsill/o

tonsils
at side of throat

22

adenoid/o

adentoids
behind nasal cavity

23

laryng/o

voice box
makes speech possible

24

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)
transports air to/from pharynx to bronchi

25

bronch/o or bronchi/o

transports air to/from trachea to lungs
bronchi-(bronchus-sungular)
brochitits

26

pulmon/o
pneumon/o

lungs
brings oxygen into the body

27

diaphragm

muscle that separates thoracic and abdominal cavities

28

thorac/o
thora/o
thorax

thoracic (chest) cavity
protects the heart and lungs

29

otorhinolaryngologist (ENT)

specialist of the ears, nose, and throat

30

pulmonologist

specializes in treating diseases and disorders of the lungs

31

RT

respiratory therapist (therapy)
provides treatment to ease/correct breathing problems

32

spirometry

spir/o - to breathe
metry - to measure

33

spirometer

meter - instrument used to measure

34

auscultation

process of listening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope

35

Normal adult RR

respiration rate
10-20 breaths per minute

36

ox/i ox/o

oxygen

37

capnia

carbon dioxide

38

pnea

breathing

39

tachy

fast

40

brady

slow

41

eu

good, normal (breathing)

42

a

without breathing (if consonant following)

43

an

without breathing (if vowel following)

44

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
used to describe airflow limitations

45

ectasis

dilation
bronchiectasis?
- a dilation of bronchi (usually from lung infections)

46

asthma

allergic disorder characterized by breathing difficulty

47

influenza

the flu
contagious viral respiratory infection

48

CF

cystic fibrosis
passed down in families
thick sticky mucus that builds up in lungs and digestive system
most common with children and you adults
life threatening, 37 years

49

pneumonia

inflammation of lungs where air sacs fill with pus