Abbreviations- Unit 12 & 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations- Unit 12 & 13 Deck (66):
1

ad lib

as desired

2

ADL

activities of daily living

3

BR

bed rest

4

BRP

bathroom privileges

5

W/C, WC

wheel chair

6

PDR

physicians' desk reference

7

AMA

american medical association

8

CDC

center for disease control

9

ENT

ears, nose, throat specialist (otorhinolaryngologist)

10

Kg

kilogram

11

L

liter

12

lb, #

pound

13

ml, mL

milliliter

14

OTC

over-the-counter (no prescription required)

15

oz

ounce

16

DTaP

diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis

17

HepA

hepatitis A vaccine

18

HepB

hepatitis B vaccine

19

Hib

Haemophilus influenza B vaccine

20

IPV

inactivated polio vaccine

21

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)

22

Tdap

tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis

23

VAR

varicella (chickenpox vaccine)

24

Diphtheria

a serious disease caused by a toxin made by bacteria that causes a thick coating in the back of the nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow

25

Tetanus (lockjaw)

causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body which can lead to "locking" of the jaw so the victim cannot open their mouth or swallow

26

Acellular

vaccines that contain inactivated cells

27

Pertussis (whooping cough)

highly contagious respiratory disease known for uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard to breathe

28

Hepatitis A

a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus

29

Hepatitis B

liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus

30

Haemophilus

a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than 5 years of age that can cause lifelong disability and be deadly

31

Polio

a contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death

32

Measles

highly contagious viral disease that can be very serious or even fatal

33

Mumps

a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of salivary glands. Starts with a fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite

34

Rubella (german measles)

or three day measles, is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash that primarily affects the skin and lymph nodes

35

Varicella (chicken pox)

a common childhood disease that is usually mild, but can be serious, especially in young infants and adults. Can be spread from person to person,or by contact with fluid from chickenpox blisters

36

opt/o, optic/o, ocul/o, ophthalm/o

eyes or vision

37

corne/o & kerat/o= cornea

transparent, outer layer of eye; maintains shape and protects the inner portion

38

cor/o & pupill/o= pupil

black circular portion of eye, permits light to enter the eye

39

ir/o=iris

colored portion of the eye, surrounds the pupil

40

retin/o= retina

converts image into electrical impulses, transmits images to the brain

41

blephar/o= eyelid

protects the eye from foreign matter, excessive light and impact

42

conjunctiv/o= conjuctiva

mucous membrane lining of the eyelid and sclera

43

scler/o= sclera

white of the eye

44

dacry/o

tear, tear duct

45

cataract

the clouding of the lens of the eye

46

glaucoma

the loss of peripheral vision "tunnel vision"

47

strabismus

crossing of the eyes "lazy eye"; disorder in which eyes can not be directed toward the same object

48

astigmatism

unequal curvature of the cornea, causes eye to not focus properly; vision problems

49

hyperopia

hyper=excessive, increased
opia=vision condition
"farsightedness"; most common after the age of 40

50

myopia

my/o=muscle
-opia=vision condition
"nearsightedness"; commonly detected in school-age children

51

displopia

dipl/o=two, double
double vision

52

monochromatism

-mono=one
-chromat/o=color
-ism= condition
-"color blindness"

53

nyctalopia

nyctal/o= night
"night blindness"

54

cryoretinopexy

cry/o=cold
-pexy=surgical fixation
surgical fixation of the retina by using extreme cold (carbon dioxide)

55

photophobia

phot/o=light
-phobia=fear of
abnormal fear or sensitivity to light

56

ophthalmoplegia

-ophthalm/o=eye
-plegia=paralysis
paralysis of the eye muscle

57

conjunctivitis

pink eye

58

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive, to light and accomodation

59

aur/o, aur/i, ot/o

ears

60

acous/o, audi/o

hearing

61

tympanic membrane

tympan/o=eardrum
transmits sound vibrations

62

cochlea

cochle/o
snail-shaped portion that contains organ of hearing

63

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear
usually associated with an URI in children

64

vertigo

dizziness, whirling, loss of balance

65

tinnitus

ringing, buzzing, or roaring, sound in the car

66

presbycusis

a progressive hearing loss occurring in old age