abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in abdomen Deck (99):
1

pain due to a gastric ulcer may referred to the

epigastric region

2

pain caused by appendicitis may first referred to the

umbilical region

3

intermittent pain (colic) in the small intestine may be referred to

umbilical region

4

pain caused by the passage of a stone down the lower end of the left ureter may be referred to the

penis or clitoris

5

the short gastric arteries originate from the

splenic artery

6

the right gastric artery originates fron the

hepatic artery

7

the left gastric artery originates from the

celiac artery

8

gastroduodenal artery originates from the

hepatic artery

9

the left gastroepiploic artery originates from the

splenic artery

10

the desending colon receives parasympahtetic nerves from the

pelvic splancnic nerves

11

the jejunun recieves symphatetic nerces from the g

greatest splanchnic nerves and lesser splancnic nerves

12

the sigmoid colon recieves sympathetic nerves from the

spinalcord segments L1 and 2

13

the ileum recieves parasymphatetic nerves from the

vagus nerves

14

the azygos vein passes _____ in the diaphragm

aortic hiatus

15

the thoracic duct passes through _________ in the diaphragm

aortic hiatus

16

the vagus nerve pass _______ in the diaphragnm

through esophageal hiatus

17

the iliohypogastric nerve a branch of the lumbar plexus emerges from psoas muscle on its

lateral side

18

the genitofemoral nerve a branch of the lumbar plexus emerges from the psoas muscle on its

anterior surface

19

the obturator nerve a branch of the lumbar plexus. emerges from the psoas muscle on its

medial side

20

the femoral nerve a branch of the lumbar plexus emerges from the psoas muscle on its

lateral side

21

the ilioinguinal nerve a branch of the lumbar plexus emerges from the psoas muscle on its

lateral side

22

lymphatic spread of carcijoma of the fundus of the stomachis likely to metastasize to the

celiac nodes

23

infection from an inflamed appendix is likely to spread via the lymphatics to the

superior mesenteric nodes

24

lymohatic spread of carcinoma of the right side of the greater curvature of the stomach is likely to metastasize to the

right gastroepiploic nodes

25

lymphatic spread of carcinoma of the sigmoid colon is likely to metastasize to the

inferior mesenteric nodes

26

bacteria from divertoculitis of the proximal two thirds of the transverse colon are likely spread via lymoh vessels to the

superior mesenteric nodes

27

the skin of the umbilicus recieves its sensory innervation from

t10

28

in both sexes the inguinal canal is formed by the decent of the gonad

processus vaginalis

29

the lacunar ligament is

attached to the inferior ramus of the pubis

30

the suprarenal gland recieves its arterial supply from the

aorat, inferior phrenic and renal arteries

31

true about abdominal aorta

midline of the abdomen
right and left common iliac arteries
left side of the inferior vena cava
anterior surface of the bodies of lumbar vertebrae
bifurcates at 4th lumbar vertebra

32

superior epigastric artery descends in the rectus sheath posterior to the

rectus abdominis muscle

33

superior mesenteric artery descends

anterior to the 3rd part of duodenum

34

gonodal arteries cross in front of the

uterus on both sides

35

gastroduodenal artery is directly related to the

posterior surface of the first part of the duodenum

36

appendicular artery is a branch of

posterior cecal artery

37

inferior mesenteric vein is usually a direct tributary of the

splenic vein

38

portal vein is formed by the union of

splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein

39

hepatic veins emerge form the

posterior surface of the liver and drain into the inferior vena cava

40

renal vein emerges from the ________ of the kidney in front of ________ and drains into

hilum
renal artery
inferior vena cava

41

attachment of the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava provides

main support for the liver

42

the intestinal right abd left lumbar trunks drain into

cisterna chyli

43

lymphatic drainage of the kidney

lateral para aortic group of lymph nodes

44

inferior vena cava pierces the central tendon of the diaphragm at the level of

eight thoracic vertebra

45

the thoracic duct begins in the

abdomen at the cisterna chyli

46

the cisterna chyli lies in front of the

first two lumbar vertebrae

47

lymph vessels of the testes drain into the

para aortic nodes at the level of the first lumbar vertebra

48

arteries that contains gastrosplenic omentum

short gastric arteries
left gastroepiploic artery

49

splenicorenal ligament contains

tail of the pancreas

50

lesser omentum attached superiorly to the

porta hepatis of the liver

51

the greater omentum is attached to the

upper border of the transverse colon

52

peritoneum on the central part of the inferior surface of the diaphragm is supplied by the

phrenic nerves

53

peritoneum forming the messentery of the small intestine is innervated by

autonomic nerves

54

the peritoneum lining the anterior abdominal wall in the right lower quadrant is supplied by

T12 and L1 spinal nerves

55

peeitoneum lining the lateral wall of pelvis is supplied by the

obturator nerve

56

medulla of right kidney composed approxiamtely how many renal pyramids

12

57

scrotum possesses superficial fascia that contains smooth muscle called

dartos muscle

58

scrotum wall has external spermatic fascia derived from

external oblique aponeurosis

59

scrotum wall has cremasteric fascia derived from the

internal oblique

60

scrotum wall has the internal spermatic fascia derived from the

fatty layer of the superficial fascia

61

epididymis has

head
body and
tail

62

epididymis made up of

coilde tube

63

vas deferens emerges from what part of the epididymis

tail

64

epididymis provide storage space for the

spermatozoa prior to ejaculate

65

spermatic cord

covered with three layers of fascia derived from the

anterior abdominal wall

66

spermatic cord

it contains the

vas deferens

67

spermatic cord

lie within

testicular artery and vein

68

spermatic cord

contains genital branch of the

genito femoral nerve

69

sigmoid colon

it is continuation of the

descending colon

70

sigmoid colon

it receives its arterial supply from the

inferior mesenteric artery

71

sigmoid colon

it becomes continous with the rectum in front of the

3rd sacral vertebra

72

sigmoid colon

it is attached to the posterior pelvic wall by the

sigmoid mesocolon

73

liver

its lymph drainage is to the

celiac nodes

74

liver

the quadrate and the caudate lobe aee functionally paet of the

left lobe

75

liver

its parasymphatetic innervation is from the

vagus nerve

76

liver

the triangular ligaments connect the liver to the

diaphragm

77

the ascending colon has _____________ whereas the hilum does not

appendices epiploicae

78

the ascending colon may have well developed ________ whereas the hilum does not

marginal artery

79

the ascedning colon is retroperitoneal whereas the ileum is

intraperitoneal

80

the ileum has longitudinal muscle that forms a continous layer around the wall wereas the ascending colon has

teniae coili

81

duodenum

lower half receives its aeterial supply from the _________ via _____________

supeeior mesenteric artery
inferior pancreatico duodenal artery

82

duodenum

bile duct enter the

second vertical portion

83

duodenum

lymohnode of the fourth part drains into the

superior mesenteric nodes

84

the third part of the duodenum passes horizontally to the left in front of the vertebral column and behind the

root of the messentery

85

appendix is situated in the

right iliac region

86

at the base of the appendix the teniae coli of the cecum fuse to form a

complete longitudinal muscle layer

87

appnedix

afferent pain nerve fibers accompany the sympathetic nerves and enter the spinal cord at the level of the

tenth thoracic segment

88

the appendix receives its blood supply from a branch of

posterior cecal artery

89

the lesser omentum contains important structures such as

gastric artery
portal vein
bile duct
common heptic artery

90

pyloric sphincter

it receives motor innervation from the

sympathetic autonomic nerves

91

pyloric sphincter

it is inhibited by the impulses passing down the

vagus nerve

92

pyloric sphincter

formed by thickening of the

circular layer of smooth muscle in the stomach wall

93

the cavity of the pylorus is called the

pyloric canal

94

steuctures form the boundaries of the entrance into the lesser sac (epiploic foramen)

inferior vena cava
bile duct
portal vein
first part of the duodenum

95

after complete occlusion of the origin of the inferior mesenteric artery with a blood clot, the blood supply of the left portion of the colon is maintained by the following arteries

marginal artery
middle colic artery
anastomoses between the superior , middle, and inferior hemorrhoidal arteries
sigmoid arteries

96

gallbladder

arterial supply

from cystic artery which is a branch of the right hepatic artery

97

gallbladder

fundus is loacted just beneath the

tip of the right ninth costal caetilage

98

the nerve of the gallbladder are derived from the

celiac plexus

99

pain sensation from gllbladder

phrenic and supraclavicular nerve