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Flashcards in Abdominal Cavity II Deck (62)
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1

What are the segments of the small intestine?

Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum

2

What are the segments of the large intestine?

Cecum
Colon
Rectum
Anal canal

3

What quadrant is the stomach located when empty?

Left cranial
Caudal to the liver

4

Can the stomach be palpated when empty?

No

5

Is the moderately or very full stomach palpable?

Both

6

Between which vertebrae is the moderately full stomach located?

T9-T12

7

Between which vertebrae is the very full stomach located?

T9-L3

8

Aside from palpability, what is the biggest difference between empty and full stomachs?

Full stomachs contact abdominal wall

9

What organs does the parietal surface of the stomach contact?

Liver, Diaphragm
Not covered by greater omentum

10

What organs does the visceral surface of the stomach contact?

Pancreas
Intestines
Covered by greater omentum

11

What is a common sign of a gut torsion?

Seeing the greater omentum first (visceral surface of stomach)

12

What are the regions of the stomach

Cardiac
Fundus
Body
Pyloric

13

What are the 2 segments of the pyloric portion of the stomach

Pyloric antrum
Pyloric canal

14

Which portion of the pyloric region is most narrow?

Pyloric canal

15

What are the 2 openings and respective sphincters of the stomach?

cardiac ostium/sphincter
pyloric ostium/sphincter

16

Where is the cardiac notch located?

Between cardiac and fundus

17

Where is the angular notch located?

lower part of lesser curvature

18

Which curvature is the hepatogastric ligament located?

Lesser curvature

19

Which curvature is the gastrosplenic ligament located?

greater

20

Where is the gastrophrenic ligament located?

Between esophageal hiatus and cardiac portion

21

Where is the cranial duodenal flexure located?

Right cranial quadrant

22

What quadrants does the descending duodenum cross?

Cranial right to caudal right quadrant

23

What is contained in the mesoduodenum?

Right lobe of pancreas

24

What quadrants does the caudal duodenal flexure cross?

Right caudal to left caudal quadrant

25

Does the caudal duodenal flexure lie cranial or caudal to the root of the mesentery?

Caudal

26

What quadrants does the ascending duodenum lie in?

Caudal left to cranial left

27

What is the surgery landmark located between the ascending duodenum or descending colon?

Duodenocolic fold

28

Where is the duodenojejunal flexure located in respect to the root of the mesentery?

Left of the root of the mesentery

29

What is the longest part of the small intestine?

Jejunum

30

What quadrant is the jejnum located in?

Equally in all quadrants