Abdominal Pathology 1 Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD2 Gen Med > Abdominal Pathology 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Pathology 1 Deck (12):
1

What are the watershed zones in the bowel?

(At the distal end of an arteries supply)

Splenic flecture

Rectum

2

What possible consequences of ischaemic bowel?

Perforation and peritonitis due to leakage of bacteria into peritoneal cavity

3

What is the rash that occurs in coeliacs?

Pediform dermatitis

4

What are some causes of fulminant colitis?

1. UC

Infectious - amoebic

- C. diff

Crohn's

5

What are the main risk factors for Clostridium difficile colitis?

Broad spectrum antibiotics

Age

Hospital stay

6

What are risk factors for ischaemic bowel?

Vasculopathy - atherosclerosis

AF, ventricular aneurysms

Coagulopathy

Vasculitis

Age

Previous surgery

Hernias

6

What are the causes of bowel ischaemia?

Embolism

Adhesions - causes external compression of veins

Global hypoperfusion

 

7

Which bacteria can invade and cause systemic symptoms in infective gastroenteritis

Salmonella

Shigella

EHEC

Yersinia

Campylobacter

8

What are some possible complications of coeliacs?

Malnutrition

Anaemia

Osteoporosis

Lymphoma

Adenocarcinoma

9

What is the most common vessel involved in ischaemic bowel?

SMA

11

What is fulminant colitis?

Systemic illness causesd by colitis

The patient is at risk of dying without colon removed

12

What biomakers are used for coeliacs disease?

IgA anti tissue transglutaminase ab

IgA endomysial ab