Abeka Biology Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Science Study Cards > Abeka Biology Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 6 Deck (38):
1

What are the four body cavities? What do they hold?

cranial (brain) , spinal (spinal cord), thoracic (heart, lungs), abdominal (lots of organs!!!!)

2

What are reproductive organs called?

gonads

3

What are all the soft, internal organs called?

visceral organs

4

How many functioning systems can the body be divided into?

11

5

What is a group of structures which function together as a unit to perform a definite job for the body?

system

6

What system uses these organs to function together? Heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries.

circulatory system

7

What system is the body's defense against disease-producing organisms such as bacteria and viruses?

Immune system

8

What system's main function is to supply body tissues with oxygen and remove carbon dioxide?

respiratory system

9

What system makes a path all the way from the mouth to the anus?

digestive system

10

What is the 20-foot long tube that makes up the digestive system called?

alimentary canal

11

What system provides a number of openings through which a variety of waste materials are excreted from the body?

Excretory system

12

What system's function is to coordinate the activities of the body?

nervous system

13

What system regulates activities of the body through use of hormones?

endocrine system

14

What are the chemical messengers called that help regulate the activities of the body?

hormones

15

What system is made up of approx. 206 bones and numerous ligaments?

skeletal system

16

What system protects the body from its surroundings?

integumentary system

17

What system is responsible for the continuation of the human race?

reproductive system

18

What is a group of similar cells which work together to accomplish the task of an organ?

tissue

19

What does the area surrounding and between tissues contain?

intersticial fluid

20

What membranes serve as linings for enclosed body cavities that do not open to the body's outside?

serous membrane

21

What membrane, also known as the skin, is composed of several types of tissue?

cutaneous membrane

22

What are the linings of the joint cavities called?

synovial membranes.

23

What is the material surrounding the cells?

matrix

24

What category did some evolutionists classify body parts that they thought were not functional?

vestigial (at one time there were 180 different parts in this category).

25

By what time is every detail or basic structure in uterus developed?

12 weeks

26

By what time are all the developing child's organs formed and external features established?

8 weeks

27

What is the thirty-eight to forty-week period of development before birth?

gestation

28

What membrane protects the child during gestation?

amniotic sac

29

What liquid is the amniotic sac filled with?

amniotic fluid

30

What is the sac of blood vessels called through which all the materials needed are provided by the mother?

placenta

31

By what means does the placenta attach to the developing child?

umbilical cord

32

What term refers to the death of a developing child by natural or artificial means?

abortion

33

What method of abortion involves suction?

suction method

34

What method of abortion involves a loop-shaped knife?

dilation and curettage method

35

What method of abortion involves forceps?

dilation and evacuation method

36

What method of abortion is used after 20 weeks using a salt solution?

salt poisoning

37

What abortion method is used in mid- and late-term abortions?

partial-birth abortion

38

What abortion method uses a C-section and lets the child die outside the womb?

hysterotomy abortion