Flashcards in Absolutism & The Structure Of The Ancien Régime Deck (13):
What was Louis XIV's perception of the monarchy?
- All power and authority flowed from the King
- The king is divinely appointed by God to rule over his subjects, he is basically God's mouthpiece
What were the three estates?
First estate: Clergy
Second estate: Nobility
Third estate: Commoners (Everyone Else)
What were the three main causes of the revolution?
1. Ancien Régime
2. Extravagant spending and bankruptcy
3. The failings of Louis XVI as a monarch.
- His rule was autocratic (absolute power)
- He was a feeble man
What was the Conseil d'Etat?
The Council of the State
This dealt with major issues of state and foreign affairs
What was the Conseil des Dépeches?
This received despatches from the King's officials in the provinces
Dealt with Church affairs.
What was the Conseil Royal des Finances?
This managed state finances and household costs
From 1787 it also handled economic policy, which had previously been run by a separate council
What were the Intendants?
Royal agents, they were used to maintain royal ruling and feed back information to the King.
They were responsible for finance, policing and justice.
What were the Intendants's specific duties?
- Ensuring taxes were paid
- Ensuring the King's edicts were carried out
- Presiding over local courts
- Raising troops
- Coordinating the activities of the police force
What were provincial governors and how many were there by 1780?
People responsible for maintaining order in their regions.
There were 39 governors in 1780.
Approximately how many members were there in the Clergy?
Approximately how many members were there in the nobility?
Around 200,000 - 400,000 members
What were direct taxes?
Taxes taken directly from individuals, often according to their wealth or possessions.