ABX/treatments Flashcards Preview

Microbiology Final > ABX/treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in ABX/treatments Deck (32):
1

what would you treat cutaneous anthrax with?

ciproflaxin

2

what could you treat inhalation anthrax with?

cipro or doxycycline

3

is there a vaccine available for anthrax?

yes, usually for military

4

who would you treat a listeria monocytogenes infection?

treat with penicillin gentamicin + penicillin or ampicillin for serous infection

5

how can we treat diphtheria?

an ANTITOXIN will neutralize the exotoxin
-give penicillin or erythroicin to REMOVE BACTERIA
-vaccine is a toxoid vaccine- innactived toxin

6

what can of vaccine do we use for diptheria?

toxoid vaccine!

7

how can we treat clostridium prearranges?

wound care and penicillin

8

how can we treat clostridium tetani?

decried the wound
metronidazole
antitoxin

9

how can you treat clostridium botulinum?

remove organism in the GI tract- metronidazole or penicillin.
use antitoxin.
*used to come from canned veggies in the day.

10

what might clindamyacin cause?

pseudomembranous collitis because it wipes ou the normal flora.

11

how would you treat pseudomembranous colitis?

stop the antibiotics and stay hydrated. switch to a C. Diff safe abs if need such as metrondiazle or vancomycin

12

how can you treat nocardia?

treat with wound care and sulfonamide

13

how would you treat actinomyces?

remove infected tissue and give penicillin

14

how can you treat mycobacterium?

rifamycins- inhibit the transcription but causes liver damage
-isoniazid- cell wall synthesis inhibitor- mycelia acid- liver toxicity.
-pyrazinamide- unclear mode

15

is there a vaccine for mycobacterium (tuberculosis)?

yes, prevent with the BCG vaccine

16

how would you treat mycobacterium avid in HIV patients

trophy with azithromycin
or treat the infections with rifampin of isoniazid

17

how would you treat N. Meningitus?

spinal tap
treat with penicillin
-chemoprophylaxis for contact- rifampin, cirplofacin, tetracycline

18

does gonorrhea have acapsule??

NO! that's why they have the FIMBRAE and the OPA protein! OPA has an STD because he didn't put a cap on it

19

is there a vaccine for thyphoid fever?

yes! travelers and military
example of the asymptomatic "Thyphoid Mary"

20

treatment for cholera?

ORAL VACCINE for travelers. 2-3 year protection.
hygiene is the KEY
treat with FLUIDS and ELECTROLYTES

21

how would you treat helicbacter infection?

antibiotics clarithromycin and proton pump inhibitors
"riding in a helicopter helps you see "clar"

22

describe the vaccination for Haemophilus?

HiB vaccine
conjugate- polusaccharide (capsule) + protein toxoid

23

how do you prevent/treat bordetella?

toxoid vaccine (because it has an AB toxin)
treat with MACROLIDES!!!! You don't want to mac on someone if they have Whooping cough

24

how can you treat Legionella?

treat based on experience= macrocodes and fluoroquinolone
75% mortality if immunocompromised. 15% mortality if healthy

25

how would you treat bacteria's fragile?

treat with clindamycin. serious anaerobic infections.

26

what would you treat treponema palladium with?

PEN G! it's injected!

27

what would you treat borrelia burgdorferi with?

amoxicillin, doxy, tetracycline,
late stage use penicilin

28

how would you treat mycoplasma?

with erythromycin,
tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones

29

how do you treat ricketsa rickets?

tetracycline!

30

how do you treat pseudomonas!??!?!

macrolides.
erythro

31

vaccine for s. pneumoniae?

YES! we have vaccine
conjugate the polysaccharid =
adult cause IgM kid only causes IgG

32

treatment of C DIFF

ORAL vancomycin
deliver to where the bacteria are
- metranidazole