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Flashcards in AC1.1 Deck (21):
1

What are the 2 definitions of crime?

Social and Legal

2

What is the Social definition of crime?

Behaviour that society has defined as crime.
Crimes vary from place to place on what society defines as criminal.

3

What is the Legal definition of crime?

Behaviour which breaks the law

4

What are the 2 elements of crime?

Actus Reus
Mens Rea

5

Actus Reus

Guilty act

6

Mens Rea

Guilty mind

7

Non court sanctions include:

Caution
Conditional cautions
Penalty notices

8

What are Conditional cautions?


Rules given out by police e.g treatment for drug abuse or repairing damage

9

Court sanctions include:

Custodial sentence
Community sentence
Fines
Discharge

10

Community sentences include:

Unpaid work, curfew, drug treatment

11

What is Deviance?

Behaviour that goes against the social norms of society

12

Norms

Social expectations that guide behaviour and explain actions

13

Moral codes

The right way of behaving, breaking moral codes are usually serious crimes e.g murder

14

Values

Rules shared by most people e.g respecting elders

15

What are the 2 types of deviance sanctions?

Informal and formal

16

Deviance: formal sanctions

Detention
Exclusion

17

Deviance: informal sanctions

Labelling
Teasing
Name calling

18

Types of deviance include:

Admired behaviour
Odd behaviour
Bad behaviour

19

What is an act that is CRIMINAL but not DEVIANT?

Driving over the speed limit
Underage drinking
Smoking marijuana

20

What is an act that is DEVIANT but not CRIMINAL?

Cross dressing
Crazy hair
Hoarding

21

What is an act that is both CRIMINAL and DEVIANT?

Murder
Robbery
Rape