Flashcards in AC1.1 Deck (21):
What are the 2 definitions of crime?
Social and Legal
What is the Social definition of crime?
Behaviour that society has defined as crime.
Crimes vary from place to place on what society defines as criminal.
What is the Legal definition of crime?
Behaviour which breaks the law
What are the 2 elements of crime?
Non court sanctions include:
What are Conditional cautions?
Rules given out by police e.g treatment for drug abuse or repairing damage
Court sanctions include:
Community sentences include:
Unpaid work, curfew, drug treatment
What is Deviance?
Behaviour that goes against the social norms of society
Social expectations that guide behaviour and explain actions
The right way of behaving, breaking moral codes are usually serious crimes e.g murder
Rules shared by most people e.g respecting elders
What are the 2 types of deviance sanctions?
Informal and formal
Deviance: formal sanctions
Deviance: informal sanctions
Types of deviance include:
What is an act that is CRIMINAL but not DEVIANT?
Driving over the speed limit
What is an act that is DEVIANT but not CRIMINAL?