Flashcards in AC2.3 Deck (15):
What are sociological theories?
Theories that believe society influences a person to become criminal
Crime and punishment are a way for the ruling class to control the working class
Different social classes are policed differently
Official crime statistics are socially constructed
What are agents of social control?
All the major institutions in society e.g Education, religion and the CJS are all in place to encourage people to conform and not rebel
Functionalist theory- Emile Durkheim
Crime is functional for 3 reasons:
It sets the boundaries of what society considers acceptable behaviour
It can help people and laws change as a reaction to the crime
People also come together when they feel society is under attack
Durkheim believed 3 things about crime?
Mertons strain theory
Society encourages people to achieve material success but not everyone can so there is a strain between the goals of society and means to obtain them
What are the 5 types of response to the anomie? (Strain theory)
What is the anomie?
Not being able to achieve societies goals in the normal way
Interactionism (Labelling theory, Howard Becker)
Refers to how people interact with one another
Certain groups of people were more likely to be labelled criminal than others
Agents of social control do the labelling
What are Folk devils? (Labelling theory)
When the media portrays a certain type of people as criminal, they become folk devils
What is deviancy amplification? (Labelling theory)
When a moral panic occurs and the criminal perception towards the folk devils is amplified
Right realism and Left realism
Crime is real, victims are real and something realistic needs to be done about it
Their view is to be tough in crime and those who commit it
Charles Murray claimed that the rise of an underclass (single working class parents with no Male role models for children) are responsible for crime
What is inadequate socialisation? (Right realism)
People are not brought up properly