AC3.2 Flashcards Preview

Criminology Unit 2 > AC3.2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in AC3.2 Deck (24):
1

Strength of Lombroso

Goring found low intelligence in criminals which suggests a genetic link

2

Weakness of Lombroso

Lack of a control group

Not everyone with atavistic features is criminal and vice versa

Deterministic (cannot escape destiny)

3

Strength of Sheldon

Used a good sized sample of 200

Glueck and Glueck found 60%of delinquents were mesomorphs

4

Weakness of Sheldon

Body types can change

Ectomorphs can also be criminal

Mesomorphs may be drawn to crime for other societal reasons

5

XYY strengths

Jacob et al found a significant number of criminals had extra Y chromosomes

6

XYY weakness

Genetic abnormalities are widespread

Ignores behaviourist approach

7

Twin studies strength

It is a natural experiment (nature vs nurture)

8

Twin studies weakness

Study may not represent general population

Could easily be linked to environmental factors

9

Adoption studies strength

Easy to separate genetic and environmental factors

10

Adoption studies weakness

Age of adoption may mean child is already influenced

Info on biological family isn’t always available

11

Marxism strength

Provides explanation for crime across all social classes

Explains why white collar crime is under policed

Shows how inequality can lead to criminality

12

Marxism weakness

Ignores non class inequality

Overstated the amount of crime in working class communities

13

Interactionism (Labelling theory) strength

Shows how policing is discriminatory

Highlights weaknesses in official statistics

Highlights the role of the media in creating deviance and moral panics

14

Interactionism (Labelling theory) weakness

Fails to explain deviant behaviour in the first place

Ignores victims of crime

15

Right realism strength

Helped shape government policies on crime

Offers practical approach to tackling crime

16

Right realism weakness

Ignores wider structural causes of crime

Accepts crime statistics up front

17

Left realism strength

Explores the role of the victim in crime

Recognises multiple causes of crime

18

Left realism weakness

Doesn’t explain why everyone in deprivation doesn’t turn to crime

Some capitalist countries (japan, Switzerland) have very low rates of crime

19

Strength of Bobo doll theory

Controlled variables for greater accuracy

Experiment did have an effect on the child’s behaviour

20

Bobo doll theory weakness

Taken in an artificial environment (not realistic)

Ethical issues (exposing kids to violence)

21

Psychodynamic theory strength

Studies prove different areas of the brain have different functions (pre-frontal Cortex controls decision making, like the ego)

Contributed to research about crime and behaviour (importance of childhood on adult behaviour)

22

Psychodynamic theory weakness

Difficult to test unconscious mind

Unscientific and unfalsifiable

Freud knew his patients (unfair test)

23

Psychological theory (Eyseneck) strength

Research on soldiers proved this (traumatised soldiers were mostly neurotic)

Formed the basis of modern personality tests

24

Psychological theories (Eyseneck) weakness

Lack of reliability (people don’t always respond the same answer)

Relies on self reporting (can be biased)

Personalities may change over time