AC4.1 Flashcards Preview

Criminology Unit 2 > AC4.1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in AC4.1 Deck (17):
1

Psychodynamic theory influenced?

Psychoanalysis

2

What is psychoanalysis?

Patient talks through their thoughts

Attempts to access unconscious mind that may have caused criminality

Treatment aims to bring repressed traumatic thoughts out

3

Does psychoanalysis work?

No longer popular as it’s:

Time consuming

Crete’s power imbalance between patient and therapist

Other other studies claimed it can be as effective as CBT

4

Learning theories link to?

Behaviour modification

Social skills training

5

What is a token economy?

Rewards are given for good behaviour

Punishments are given for bad behaviour

6

Does behaviour modification work?

The Buddy system is an example of a behaviour modification which worked with more serious offenders but didn’t work with less serious offenders

7

Examples of behaviour modification?

Token economy

Buddy system

8

Example of social skills training?

Anger management

9

What is anger management?

CBT to help offenders deal with their feelings more socially and effectively

10

Neurochemicals on social policy

Verkkunen found a stable diet of fish could help to raise seratonin levels

11

Does the death penalty work?

No
Murder rates are 25% higher in states that do have the death penalty

12

What is penal populism?

A government response to crime by changing or introducing tighter policies or laws

13

Left realism social policy

3 strikes and you’re out

Tough on crime, tough on causes of crime

Restorative justice

14

3 strikes and you’re out

If you’re caught trafficking drugs 3 times = 7 year sentence

15

Right realism social policy

Zero tolerance

CCTV

16

What is restorative justice and does it work?

Victim and offender talk through the impact of he crime

Studies show it can reduce PTSD in victims

17

What is a multi-agency approach?

Where police work with other institutions in society like social workers and paramedics to tackle crime