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1

ACC 306 Week 1 Individual Assignment E13-21, E13-22, P12-1, P12-7,P12-10, P12-14, P13-6
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ACC 306 Week 1 Individual Assignment E13-21, E13-22, P12-1, P12-7,P12-10, P12-14, P13-6

Indicate (by letter) the way each of the items listed below should be reported in a

balance sheet at December 31, 2011.

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2

ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 1 Equity Method
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ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 1 Equity Method

P 12–13 – Miller Properties – Equity method ● LO5 LO6

On January 2, 2011, Miller Properties paid $19 million for 1 million shares of Marlon Company’s 6 million outstanding common shares. Miller’s CEO became a member of Marlon’s board of directors during the first quarter of 2011.

The carrying amount of Marlon’s net assets was $66 million. Miller estimated the fair value of those net as- sets to be the same except for a patent valued at $24 million above cost. The remaining amortization period for the patent is 10 years.

Marlon reported earnings of $12 million and paid dividends of $6 million during 2011. On December 31, 2011, Marlon’s common stock was trading on the NYSE at $18.50 per share.

Required:

1. When considering whether to account for its investment in Marlon under the equity method, what criteria should Miller’s management apply?

2. Assume Miller accounts for its investment in Marlon using the equity method. Ignoring income taxes, deter- mine the amounts related to the investment to be reported in its 2011:

a. Income statement.

b. Balance sheet.

c. Statement of cash flows.

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3

ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 2 Judgment Case 13-9
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ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 2 Judgment Case 13-9

In the March 2012 meeting of Valleck Corporation’s board of directors, a question arose as to the way a possible obligation should be disclosed in the forthcoming financial statements for the year ended December 31. A veteran board member brought to the meeting a draft of a disclosure note that had been prepared by the controller’s office for inclusion in the annual report. Here is the note:

On May 9, 2011, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a Notice of Violation (NOV) to Valleck alleging violations of the Clean Air Act. Subsequently, in June 2011, the EPA commenced a civil action with respect to the foregoing violation seeking civil penalties of approximately $853,000. The EPA alleges that Valleck exceeded applicable volatile organic substance emission limits. The Company estimates that the cost to achieve compliance will be $190,000; in addition the Company expects to settle the EPA lawsuit for a civil penalty of $205,000 which will be paid in 2014.

“ Where did we get the $205,000 figure? ” he asked. On being informed that this is the amount negotiated last month by company attorneys with the EPA, the director inquires, “Aren’t we supposed to report a liability for that in addition to the note? ”

Required:

Explain whether Valleck should report a liability in addition to the note. Why or why not? For full disclosure, should anything be added to the disclosure note itself?

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4

ACC 306 Week 2 Assignment E 14-16, E 14-18, E 15-25, P14-21, P15-3
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ACC 306 Week 2 Assignment E 14-16, E 14-18, E 15-25, P14-21, P15-3

Wilkins Food Products, Inc., acquired a packaging machine from Lawrence Specialists Corporation. Lawrence completed construction of the machine on January 1, 2009. In payment for the machine Wilkins issued a three- year installment note to be paid in three equal payments at the end of each year. The payments include interest at the rate of 10%.

Lawrence made a conceptual error in preparing the amortization schedule, which Wilkins failed to discover until 2011. The error had caused Wilkins to understate interest expense by $45,000 in 2009 and $40,000 in 2010.

Required:

1. Determine which accounts are incorrect as a result of these errors at January 1, 2011, before any adjustments. Explain your answer. (Ignore income taxes.)

2. Prepare a journal entry to correct the error.

3. What other step(s) would be taken in connection with the error?

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5

ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 1 Ethics Case 14-8 Hunt Manufacturing
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ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 1 Ethics Case 14-8 Hunt Manufacturing

Ethics Case 14–8 – Hunt Manufacturing – Debt for equity swaps; have your cake and eat it too

The cloudy afternoon mirrored the mood of the conference of division managers. Claude Meyer, assistant to the controller for Hunt Manufacturing, wore one of the gloomy faces that were just emerging from the conference room. “Wow, I knew it was bad, but not that bad,” Claude thought to himself. “I don’t look forward to sharing those numbers with shareholders.”

The numbers he discussed with himself were fourth quarter losses which more than offset the profits of the first three quarters. Everyone had known for some time that poor sales forecasts and production delays had wreaked havoc on the bottom line, but most were caught off guard by the severity of damage.

Later that night he sat alone in his office, scanning and rescanning the preliminary financial statements on his computer monitor. Suddenly his mood brightened. “This may work,” he said aloud, though no one could hear. Fifteen minutes later he congratulated himself, “Yes!”

The next day he eagerly explained his plan to Susan Barr, controller of Hunt for the last six years. The plan involved $300 million in convertible bonds issued three years earlier.

Meyer: By swapping stock for the bonds, we can eliminate a substantial liability from the balance sheet, wipe out most of our interest expense, and reduce our loss. In fact, the book value of the bonds is significantly more than the market value of the stock we’d issue. I think we can produce a profit.

Barr: But Claude, our bondholders are not inclined to convert the bonds

Meyer: Right. But, the bonds are callable. As of this year, we can call the bonds at a call premium of 1%. Given the choice of accepting that redemption price or converting to stock, they’ll all convert. We won’t have to pay a cent. And, since no cash will be paid, we won’t pay taxes either.

Required:

Do you perceive an ethical dilemma? What would be the impact of following up on Claude’s plan? Who would benefit? Who would be injured?

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6

ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 2 Ethics Case 15-4
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ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 2 Ethics Case 15-4

Ethics Case 15–4 – American Movieplex – Leasehold improvements ● LO3

American Movieplex, a large movie theater chain, leases most of its theater facilities. In conjunction with recent operating leases, the company spent $28 million for seats and carpeting. The question being discussed over break- fast on Wednesday morning was the length of the depreciation period for these leasehold improvements. The com- pany controller, Sarah Keene, was surprised by the suggestion of Larry Person, her new assistant.

Keene: Why 25 years? We’ve never depreciated leasehold improvements for such a long period.

Person: I noticed that in my review of back records. But during our expansion to the Midwest, we don’t need expenses to be any higher than necessary.

Keene: But isn’t that a pretty rosy estimate of these assets’ actual life? Trade publications show an average depreciation period of 12 years.

Required:

1. How would increasing the depreciation period affect American Movieplex’s income?

2. Does revising the estimate pose an ethical dilemma?

3. Who would be affected if Person’s suggestion is followed?

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7

ACC 306 Week 3 Individual Assignment E 16-24, E 16-25, E 17-10, E 17-19, P 16-7, P 17-16
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ACC 306 Week 3 Individual Assignment E 16-24, E 16-25, E 17-10, E 17-19, P 16-7, P 17-16

E 16–24 – DePaul Corporation – Balance sheet classification ● LO4 LO5 LO6 LO8

At December 31, DePaul Corporation had a $16 million balance in its deferred tax asset account and a $68 million balance in its deferred tax liability account. The balances were due to the following cumulative temporary differences:

1. Estimated warranty expense, $15 million: expense recorded in the year of the sale; tax-deductible when paid (one-year warranty).

2. Depreciation expense, $120 million: straight-line in the income statement; MACRS on the tax return.

3. Income from installment sales of properties, $50 million: income recorded in the year of the sale; taxable when received equally over the next five years.

4. Bad debt expense, $25 million: allowance method for accounting; direct write-off for tax purposes.

Required:

Show how any deferred tax amounts should be classified and reported in the December 31 balance sheet. The tax rate is 40%.

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8

ACC 306 Week 3 Ethics Case 17-6
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ACC 306 Week 3 Ethics Case 17-6

Ethics Case 17–6 – VXI International – 401(k) plan contributions ● LO1

You are in your third year as internal auditor with VXI International, manufacturer of parts and supplies for jet air- craft. VXI began a defined contribution pension plan three years ago. The plan is a so-called 401(k) plan (named after the Tax Code section that specifies the conditions for the favorable tax treatment of these plans) that permits voluntary contributions by employees. Employees’ contributions are matched with one dollar of employer contribution for every two dollars of employee contribution. Approximately $500,000 of contributions is deducted from employee paychecks each month for investment in one of three employer-sponsored mutual funds.

While performing some preliminary audit tests, you happen to notice that employee contributions to these plans usually do not show up on mutual fund statements for up to two months following the end of pay periods from which the deductions are drawn. On further investigation, you discover that when the plan was first begun, contributions were invested within one week of receipt of the funds. When you question the firm’s investment manager about the apparent change in the timing of investments, you are told, “Last year Mr. Maxwell (the CFO) directed me to initially deposit the contributions in the corporate investment account. At the close of each quarter, we add the employer matching contribution and deposit the combined amount in specific employee mutual funds.”

Required:

1. What is Mr. Maxwell’s apparent motivation for the change in the way contributions are handled?

2. Do you perceive an ethical dilemma?

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9

ACC 306 Week 3 Integrating Case 16-5
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ACC 306 Week 3 Integrating Case 16-5

Integrating Case 16–5 – Williams-Santana, Inc. – Tax effects of accounting changes and error correction; six situations ● LO1 LO2 LO8

Williams-Santana, Inc. is a manufacturer of high-tech industrial parts that was started in 1997 by two talented engineers with little business training. In 2011, the company was acquired by one of its major customers. As part of an internal audit, the following facts were discovered. The audit occurred during 2011 before any adjusting entries or closing entries were prepared. The income tax rate is 40% for all years.

a. A five-year casualty insurance policy was purchased at the beginning of 2009 for $35,000. The full amount was debited to insurance expense at the time.

b. On December 31, 2010, merchandise inventory was overstated by $25,000 due to a mistake in the physical inventory count using the periodic inventory system.

c. The company changed inventory cost methods to FIFO from LIFO at the end of 2011 for both financial statement and income tax purposes. The change will cause a $960,000 increase in the beginning inventory at January 1, 2010.

d. At the end of 2010, the company failed to accrue $15,500 of sales commissions earned by employees during 2010. The expense was recorded when the commissions were paid in early 2011.

e. At the beginning of 2009, the company purchased a machine at a cost of $720,000. Its useful life was estimated to be 10 years with no salvage value. The machine has been depreciated by the double declining- balance method. Its carrying amount on December 31, 2010, was $460,800. On January 1, 2011, the company changed to the straight-line method.

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10

ACC 306 Week 4 Assignment E 18-18, E 18-24, E 19-2, E 19-5, E 19-9, E 19-24, P 18-5
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ACC 306 Week 4 Assignment E 18-18, E 18-24, E 19-2, E 19-5, E 19-9, E 19-24, P 18-5

Shown below in T-account format are the changes affecting the retained earnings of Brenner-Jude Corporation during 2011. At January 1, 2011, the corporation had outstanding 105 million common shares, $1 par per share.
Required:
1. From the information provided by the account changes you should be able to recreate the transactions that affected Brenner-Jude’s retained earnings during 2011. Prepare the journal entries that Brenner-Jude must have recorded during the year for these transactions.
2. Prepare a statement of retained earnings for Brenner-Jude for the year ended 2011.

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11

ACC 306 Week 4 Communication Case 18-10
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ACC 306 Week 4 Communication Case 18-10

Communication Case 18–10 Should the present two-category distinction between liabilities and equity be retained? Group interaction. ● LO1

The current conceptual distinction between liabilities and equity defines liabilities independently of assets and equity, with equity defined as a residual amount. The present proliferation of financial instruments that combine features of both debt and equity and the difficulty of drawing a distinction have led many to conclude that the present two-category distinction between liabilities and equity should be eliminated. Two opposing viewpoints are:

View 1: The distinction should be maintained.

View 2: The distinction should be eliminated and financial instruments should instead be reported in accordance with the priority of their claims to enterprise assets.

One type of security that often is mentioned in the debate is convertible bonds. Although stock in many ways, such a security also obligates the issuer to transfer assets at a specified price and redemption date. Thus it also has features of debt. In considering this question, focus on conceptual issues regarding the practicable and theoretically appropriate treatment, unconstrained by GAAP.

Required:

1. Which view do you favor? Develop a list of arguments in support of your view prior to the class session for which the case is assigned.

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12

ACC 306 Week 4 Ethics Case 19-7
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ACC 306 Week 4 Ethics Case 19-7

Ethics Case 19–7 International Network Solutions

International Network Solutions provides products and services related to remote access networking. The company has grown rapidly during its first 10 years of operations. As its segment of the industry has begun to mature, though, the fast growth of previous years has begun to slow. In fact, this year revenues and profits are roughly the same as last year.

One morning, nine weeks before the close of the fiscal year, Rob Mashburn, CFO, and Jessica Lane, controller, were sharing coffee and ideas in Lane’s office.

Lane: About the Board meeting Thursday. You may be right. This may be the time to suggest a share buyback program.

Mashburn: To begin this year, you mean?

Lane: Right! I know Barber will be lobbying to use the funds for our European expansion. She’s probably right about the best use of our funds, but we can always issue more notes next year. Right now, we need a quick fix for our EPS numbers.

Mashburn: Our shareholders are accustomed to increases every year.

Required:

1. How will a buyback of shares provide a “quick fix” for EPS?

2. Is the proposal ethical? 3. Who would be affected if the proposal is implemented?

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13

ACC 306 Week 5 Analysis Case 20-10
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ACC 306 Week 5 Analysis Case 20-10

Analysis Case 20–10 – DRS Corporation – Various changes

DRS Corporation changed the way it depreciates its computers from the sum-of-the-year’s-digits method to the straight-line method beginning January 1, 2011. DRS also changed its estimated residual value used in computing depreciation for its office building. At the end of 2011, DRS changed the specific subsidiaries constituting the group of companies for which its consolidated financial statements are prepared.

Required:

1. For each accounting change DRS undertook, indicate the type of change and how DRS should report the change. Be specific.

2. Why should companies disclose changes in accounting principles?

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14

ACC 306 Week 5 Individual Assignment E 20-18, P 21-11, P 21-14
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ACC 306 Week 5 Individual Assignment E 20-18, P 21-11, P 21-14

E 20–18 Classifying accounting changes ● LO1 through LO5

Indicate with the appropriate letter the nature of each situation described below:

PR Change in principle reported retrospectively

PP Change in principle reported prospectively

E Change in estimate

EP Change in estimate resulting from a change in principle

R Change in reporting entity

N Not an accounting change

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15

ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 20-5
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ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 20-5

Late one Thursday afternoon, Joy Martin, a veteran audit manager with a regional CPA firm, was reviewing documents for a long-time client of the firm, AMT Transport. The year-end audit was scheduled to begin Monday.

For three months, the economy had been in a down cycle and the transportation industry was particularly hard hit. As a result, Joy expected AMT’s financial results would not be pleasant news to shareholders. However, what Joy saw in the preliminary statements made her sigh aloud. Results were much worse than she feared.

“Larry (the company president) already is in the doghouse with shareholders,” Joy thought to herself. “When they see these numbers, they’ll hang him out to dry.”

“I wonder if he’s considered some strategic accounting changes,” she thought, after reflecting on the situation. “The bad news could be softened quite a bit by changing inventory methods from LIFO to FIFO or reconsidering some of the estimates used in other areas.”

Required:

How would the actions contemplated contribute toward “softening” the bad news?
Do you perceive an ethical dilemma? What would be the likely impact of following up on Joy’s thoughts? Who would benefit? Who would be injured?
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16

ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 21-7
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ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 21-7

Ethics Case 21–7 – Ben Naegle – Where’s the cash?

After graduating near the top of his class, Ben Naegle was hired by the local office of a Big 4 CPA firm in his hometown. Two years later, impressed with his technical skills and experience, Park Electronics, a large regional consumer electronics chain, hired Ben as assistant controller. This was last week. Now Ben’s initial excitement has turned to distress.

The cause of Ben’s distress is the set of financial statements he’s stared at for the last four hours. For some time prior to his recruitment, he had been aware of the long trend of moderate profitability of his new employer. The reports on his desk confirm the slight, but steady, improvements in net income in recent years. The trend he was just now becoming aware of, though, was the decline in cash flows from operations.

Ben had sketched out the following comparison ($ in millions):

Profits? Yes. Increasing profits? Yes. The cause of his distress? The ominous trend in cash flow which is con sistently lower than net income.

Upon closer review, Ben noticed three events in the last two years that, unfortunately, seemed related:

a. Park’s credit policy had been loosened; credit terms were relaxed and payment periods were lengthened.

b. Accounts receivable balances had increased dramatically.

c. Several of the company’s compensation arrangements, including that of the controller and the company president, were based on reported net income.

Required:

1. What is so ominous about the combination of events Ben sees?

2. What course of action, if any, should Ben take?

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17

ACC 306 Week 5 Final Paper
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ACC 306 Week 5 Final Paper
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ACC 306 Week 5 Final Paper

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18

ACC 306 Complete Course
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ACC 306 Complete Course

ACC 306 Week 1 Individual Assignment E13-21, E13-22, P12-1, P12-7,P12-10, P12-14, P13-6

ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 1 Equity Method

ACC 306 Week 1 DQ 2 Judgment Case 13-9

ACC 306 Week 2 Individual Assignment E 14-16, E 14-18, E 15-25, P14-21, P15-3

ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 1 Ethics Case 14-8 Hunt Manufacturing

ACC 306 Week 2 DQ 2 Ethics Case 15-4

ACC 306 Week 3 Individual Assignment E 16-24, E 16-25, E 17-10, E 17-19, P 16-7, P 17-16

ACC 306 Week 3 Ethics Case 17-6

ACC 306 Week 3 Integrating Case 16-5

ACC 306 Week 4 Assignment E 18-18, E 18-24, E 19-2, E 19-5, E 19-9, E 19-24, P 18-5

ACC 306 Week 4 Communication Case 18-10

ACC 306 Week 4 Ethics Case 19-7

ACC 306 Week 5 Analysis Case 20-10

ACC 306 Week 5 Assignment E 20-18, P 21-11, P 21-14

ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 20-5

ACC 306 Week 5 Ethics Case 21-7

ACC 306 Week 5 Final Paper (Lease)

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