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Organic Chemistry > Acids/Bases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Acids/Bases Deck (23):
1

What is the pKa of HBr

-8

2

What is the pKa of hydronium (H3O+)

-2

3

What is the pKa of a hydrocarbon

~50

4

What are the three types of hydrogens?

H- hydride
H hydrogen
H+ hydronium/proton

5

What is the pKa of water

16

6

What is a Lewis acid?

Acceptor of electrons

7

What is the pKa of a carboxylic acid

5

8

What are the general pKa and Ka trends for strong acids?

Low pKa, high Ka

9

What is the pKa of ammonia (NH3)

36

10

What is a Lewis base?

Donator of electrons

11

What is the pKa of a carbonyl bonded to R and (CH2)R

19-20

12

What is a Brønsted Lowry base?

Acceptor of H+

13

What is the pKa of benzene

36

14

What is the pKa of HCl

-7

15

What is the pKa of an -OH group

15-18

16

With two reactants, which will act as the acid and which will act as the base?

The lower pKa molecule will be the acid, the higher will be the base

17

What is the pKa of carbon triple bonded to carbon (H2C2)

25

18

What is the pKa of ammonium (NH4+)

9

19

What is the pKa of a carboxylic acid in which the O of the carbonyl is (+) and bonded to one H

-7

20

More electronegative atoms make for stronger acids

Know this

21

What is a Brønsted Lowry acid?

Donator of H+

22

What is the pKa of HI

-10

23

What is the pKa of H2SO4

-8