acronyms Flashcards Preview

step 1 > acronyms > Flashcards

Flashcards in acronyms Deck (20):
1

what are the personality disorders

Weird, Wild, and Worried

Weird--
Accusatory--Paranoid
Avoid--Schizoid
Awkward--Schizotypal

Wild--
Bad to the Bone--Antisocial
Borderline
BLAM!--histrionic
Bigheaded--Narcissistic

Worried--
Cowardly--avoidant
Compulsive--obsessive compulsive
Clingy--dependent

2

what does potter in potter sequence stand for

POTTER

Pulmonary hypoplasia
Oligohydramnios
Twisted face (low set ears and retroagnathia)
Twisted skin
Extremity defects
Renal failure (in utero)

3

what are the potassium sparing drugs

The K STAyEd

Spinolactone (ADH antagonist)
Smiloride (Na blocker)
Triamterene (Na blocker)
eplerenone (ADH antagonist)

*all act in collecting duct

4

what are the reasons potassium shifts out of cells (hyperkalemia)

DO insulin LAB

Drugs (Digitalis, K+ sparing diuretics)
Osmolarity (hyper)
Insulin deficiency (hypoglycemia)
Lysis of cells
Acidosis
B-adrenergic antagonist

5

what are the 6 causes of hypernatremia

The D's

Diuretics
Dehydration
Diabetes insipidus
Docs (inatrogenic)
Diarrhea
Disease of the kidney

6

What are the high anion gap (increased acid) metabolic acidosis

MUDPILES

Methanol
Uremia (renal failure)
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Propylene glycol
Iron tablets/Isoniazid
Lactic acidosis (pt in shock)
Ethylene glycol
Salicyltes (late overdose effect--early gives you respiratory alkalosis)

7

What are the causes of normal anion gap (losing bicarb) metabolic acidosis

RADS

Renal Tubular Acidosis
Acetazolamide
Diarrhea
Spironolactone

8

what are the causes of metabolic alkalosis

HEL

Hyperaldosteronism
Emesis (excessive vomiting)
Loop diuretics

9

what are the types of renal tubular acidosis and what causes them

Type 1
-Impaired H+ (1 letter) excretion by intercalated cells

Type 2
-decreased proximal tubule BI(two)carb absorption

Type 4
-decreased aldo (4 letters and mean aldosteronism) leads to hyperkalemia
results in:
-impaired NH4+ (ammonia has 4 letters) genesis in proximal tubule

1 and 2 are associated with hypokalemia
1 has increased urine PH
2 and 3 had decreased urine PH

10

what is beckwith-Wiedmann syndrome or WAGR complex

WAGR

Wilms tumor
Aniridia (congenital lack of an iris)
Genitourinary malformation
Retardation (mental/motor)

11

what are the risk factors for transitional cell carcinoma

problems with your Pee SAC

Phenacetin
Smoking
Analine dyes
Cyclophosphamide

12

what are the consequences of renal failure

MAD HUNGER

Metabolic Acidosis
Dyslipidemia (increased triglycerides)
Hyperkalemia
Uremia--increased BUN and Creat (can lead to N/V, Pericarditis, Asterixis, Encephalopathy, Platlet dysfunction)
Na+/H2O retention (CHF, pulmonary edema, Hypertension)
Growth retardation and dev. delay
decreased Erythropoietin (anemia)
Renal osteodystrophy

13

what are the glycogen storage diseases and the enzymes deficient in them

Very poor carbohydrate metabolism
G6P LA14G A16G MGP

Von Gierke--Glucose-6-phosphate
Pompe--Lysosomal alpha-1,4-glucosidase
Cori--alpha-1,6-glucosidase
Mcardle--muscle glycogen phosphorylase

14

what does APGAR stand for

Appearance
Pulses
Grimace
Activity
Respirations

15

what are the coenzymes required for pyruvate dehydrogenase (and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) which synthesizes Actyl COA from pyruvate

TLC For Nobody

(TPP) Thiamine pyrophasphate-VitB1
Lipoid acid
CoA (B5, pantothenate)
FAD (B2, riboflavin)
NAD+ (B3, Niacin)

16

what are the B vitamin names

"The Rhythm Nearly Proved Contagious": •

Thiamine (B1)
Riboflavin (B2)
Niacin (B3)
Pyridoxine (B6)
Cobalamin (B12)

17

What are the electron chain complex inhibitors

complex inhibitor "Really are Awful Chemicals Ordinarily"

Rotenone--complex 1 (NaDH reductase)
complex 2 skip
Antimycin A--complex 3 (cytochrome B)
Cynade--Complex 4 (Cytochrome A)
Oligomycin--Complex 5 (ATP synthase)

18

what substances cause hemolysis in patients with G6PD deficiency

Spleen Purges Nasty Inclusions From Damaged Cells

Sulfonamides
Primaquine
Nitrofurantoin
Isoniazid
Fave Beans
Dapsone
Chloroquine

19

what are the features of kwashiorkor disease

FLAMES

Fatty Liver
Anemia
Malnutrition
Edema
Skin lesions

20

what are the familial dyslipidemias

all dyslipidemias have increased lipids in blood (Crazy Lipid Volumes)

1 (hyperchlomicronemia)=altered apolipoprotein C-II or lipoprotein lipase deficienct
2a (familial hypercholesterolemia)=absent of defective LDL receptors
4 (hypertrigleceridemia=hepatic overproduction of VLDL